In the present study, a novel multiple three-phase low-voltage and high-current permanent magnet synchronous generation system is proposed, which has only half-turn coils per phase. The proposed system is composed of a generator and two confluence plates with 108 rectifier modules. The output can reach up to 10,000 A continuous DC power supply, which is suitable for the outdoors and non-commercial power supply. The application of the Lyapunov algorithm in the synchronous rectification control was optimized. A current sharing loop control was added to the closed-loop control to ensure a stable output voltage and the output current sharing of each rectifier module. Since the two control variables solved by the Lyapunov algorithm were coupled and the negative definite function of the Lyapunov algorithm could not be guaranteed in this system, a simple decoupling method was used to decouple the control variables. Compared to the conventional control, the proposed strategy highly improved the dynamic performance of the system. The effectiveness of the proposed strategy was verified by the simulation. The 5 V/10,000 A hardware experiment platform was built, which proved the feasibility and validity of the proposed strategy for a high-power generation system.