Apple intake is inversely associated with all-cause and disease-specific mortality in elderly women

Jonathan Hodgson, Richard Prince, R.J. Woodman, Catherine Bondonno, K.L. Ivey, Nicola Bondonno, E.B. Rimm, Natalie Ward, Kevin Croft, J.R. Lewis

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Copyright © The Authors 2016. Higher fruit intake is associated with lower risk of all-cause and disease-specific mortality. However, data on individual fruits are limited, and the generalisability of these findings to the elderly remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to examine the association of apple intake with all-cause and disease-specific mortality over 15 years in a cohort of women aged over 70 years. Secondary analyses explored relationships of other fruits with mortality outcomes. Usual fruit intake was assessed in 1456 women using a FFQ. Incidence of all-cause and disease-specific mortality over 15 years was determined through the Western Australian Hospital Morbidity Data system. Cox regression was used to determine the hazard ratios (HR) for mortality. During 15 years of follow-up, 607 (41 7 %) women died from any cause. In the multivariable-adjusted analysis, the HR for all-cause mortality was 0 89 (95 % CI 0 81, 0 97) per sd (53 g/d) increase in apple intake, HR 0 80 (95 % CI 0 65, 0 98) for consumption of 5-100 g/d and HR 0 65 (95 % CI 0 48, 0 89) for consumption of >100 g/d (an apple a day), compared with apple intake of
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)860-867
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
    Volume115
    Issue number5
    Early online date20 Jan 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

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