Apolipoproteins C-III and A-V as Predictors of Very-Low-Density Lipoprotein Triglyceride and Apolipoprotein B-100 Kinetics

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Abstract

Objective - We investigated the associations between plasma very-low-density lipoprotein ( VLDL)-apolipoprotein ( apo) C-III and apoA-V concentrations and the kinetics of VLDL-apoB-100 and VLDL triglycerides in 15 men. We also explored the relationship between these parameters of VLDL metabolism and VLDL-apoC-III kinetics.Methods and Results - ApoC-III, apoB, and triglyceride kinetics in VLDL were determined using stable isotopes and multicompartmental modeling to estimate production rate ( PR) and fractional catabolic rate ( FCR). Plasma VLDL apoC-III concentration was significantly and inversely associated with the FCRs of VLDL triglycerides ( r = -0.610) and VLDL-apoB ( r = -0.791), and positively correlated with the PR of VLDL-apoC-III ( r = 0.842). However, apoA-V concentration was not significantly associated with any of the kinetic variables. There was a significant association ( P < 0.01) between the PRs of VLDL triglycerides and VLDL-apoB ( r = 0.641), and between the FCRs of VLDL triglycerides and VLDL - apoB ( r = 0.737). In multiple regression analysis, plasma VLDL-apoC-III concentration was a significant predictor of VLDL triglyceride FCR ( beta-coefficient = -0.575) and VLDL-apoB FCR ( eta-coefficient = -0.839).Conclusions - Our findings suggest that increased VLDL-apoC-III concentrations resulting from an overproduction of VLDL-apoC-III are strongly associated with the delayed catabolism of triglycerides and apoB in VLDL. We also demonstrated that the kinetics of VLDL triglycerides and apoB are closely coupled. Our data do not support a role for plasma apoA-V in regulating VLDL kinetics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)590-596
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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