Apolipoprotein B-100 kinetics in visceral obesity: associations with plasma apolipoprotein C-III concentration

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    Abstract

    Obesity is strongly associated with dyslipidemia, which may account for the associated increased risk of atherosclerosis and coronary disease. We aimed to test the hypothesis that kinetics of hepatic apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB) metabolism are disturbed in men with visceral obesity and to examine whether these kinetic defects are associated with elevated plasma concentration of apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III). Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apoB kinetics were measured in 48 viscerally obese men and 10 age-matched normolipidemic lean men using an intravenous bolus injection of d(3)-leucine. ApoB isotopic enrichment was measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). Kinetic parameters were derived using a multicompartmental model (Simulation, Analysis, and Modeling Software II [SAAM-II]). Compared with controls, obese subjects had significantly elevated plasma concentrations of plasma triglycerides, cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, VLDL-apoB, IDL-apoB, LDL-apoB, apoC-III, insulin, and lathosterol (P <.01). VLDL-apoB secretion rate was significantly higher (P =.034) in obese than control subjects; the fractional catabolic rates (FCRs) of IDL-apoB and LDL-apoB (P <.01) and percent conversion of VLDL-apoB to LDL-apoB (P <.02) were also significantly lower in obese subjects. However, the decreased VLDL-apoB FCR was not significantly different from the lean group. In the obese group, plasma concentration of apoC-III was significantly and positively associated with VLDL-apoB secretion rate and inversely with VLDL-apoB FCR and percent conversion of VLDL to LDL. In multiple regression analysis, plasma apoC-III concentration was independently and significantly correlated with the secretion rate of VLDL-apoB (regression coefficient [SE] 0.511 [0.03], P =.001) and with the percent conversion of VLDL-apoB to LDL-apoB (-0.408 [0.01], P =.004). Our findings suggest that plasma lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities in visceral obesity may be due to a combination of overproduction of VLDL-apoB particles and decreased catabolism of apoB containing particles. Elevated plasma apoC-III concentration is also a feature of dyslipidemia in obesity that contributes to the kinetic defects in apoB metabolism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1041-1046
    Number of pages6
    JournalMetabolism
    Volume51
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002

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