Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns Among Dental Professionals In Massachusetts

Sivabalan Vasudavan, Brandon Grunes, John McGeachie, Andrew L. Sonis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate prescribing patterns of antibiotics for the management of common pediatric oral infections, and to and identify the independent predictors of antibiotic preference across different groups of dental practitioners in Massachusetts, USA. Methods: A cross-sectional survey assessed antibiotic prescribing practices of general dentists, pediatric dentists, endodontists, and oral surgeons based on a series of clinical scenarios where antibiotic coverage may be warranted. Results: The appropriate therapeutic management of patients with facial cellulitis occurred across all clinical groups. Endodontists were least likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients with irreversible pulpitis, and those with pulpal necrosis with associated parulis. Seventy-four percent of respondents prescribed antibiotics for patients suffering from pericoronitis and trismus. Conclusion: With the exception of the management of facial cellulitis, adherence to published guidelines for the prescription of antibiotics is low. Specifically, antibiotics ore being prescribed too often for patients with tooth pain or localized abscesses and infrequently when the systemic spread of infection is less obvious, such as with trismus but no fever. Universally promulgated guidelines formulated by professional bodies may lead to improved adherence and a reduction in negative outcomes resulting from the overprescription of antibiotics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Dentistry
Volume41
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Cite this

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title = "Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns Among Dental Professionals In Massachusetts",
abstract = "Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate prescribing patterns of antibiotics for the management of common pediatric oral infections, and to and identify the independent predictors of antibiotic preference across different groups of dental practitioners in Massachusetts, USA. Methods: A cross-sectional survey assessed antibiotic prescribing practices of general dentists, pediatric dentists, endodontists, and oral surgeons based on a series of clinical scenarios where antibiotic coverage may be warranted. Results: The appropriate therapeutic management of patients with facial cellulitis occurred across all clinical groups. Endodontists were least likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients with irreversible pulpitis, and those with pulpal necrosis with associated parulis. Seventy-four percent of respondents prescribed antibiotics for patients suffering from pericoronitis and trismus. Conclusion: With the exception of the management of facial cellulitis, adherence to published guidelines for the prescription of antibiotics is low. Specifically, antibiotics ore being prescribed too often for patients with tooth pain or localized abscesses and infrequently when the systemic spread of infection is less obvious, such as with trismus but no fever. Universally promulgated guidelines formulated by professional bodies may lead to improved adherence and a reduction in negative outcomes resulting from the overprescription of antibiotics.",
keywords = "ANTIBIOTICS, PRESCRIBING, DENTISTS, SPECIALISTS, PENICILLIN, PRESCRIPTION, INFECTIONS, BACTERIA, PAIN",
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year = "2019",
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Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns Among Dental Professionals In Massachusetts. / Vasudavan, Sivabalan; Grunes, Brandon; McGeachie, John; Sonis, Andrew L.

In: Pediatric Dentistry, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 25-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Antibiotic Prescribing Patterns Among Dental Professionals In Massachusetts

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AU - McGeachie, John

AU - Sonis, Andrew L.

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N2 - Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate prescribing patterns of antibiotics for the management of common pediatric oral infections, and to and identify the independent predictors of antibiotic preference across different groups of dental practitioners in Massachusetts, USA. Methods: A cross-sectional survey assessed antibiotic prescribing practices of general dentists, pediatric dentists, endodontists, and oral surgeons based on a series of clinical scenarios where antibiotic coverage may be warranted. Results: The appropriate therapeutic management of patients with facial cellulitis occurred across all clinical groups. Endodontists were least likely to prescribe antibiotics for patients with irreversible pulpitis, and those with pulpal necrosis with associated parulis. Seventy-four percent of respondents prescribed antibiotics for patients suffering from pericoronitis and trismus. Conclusion: With the exception of the management of facial cellulitis, adherence to published guidelines for the prescription of antibiotics is low. Specifically, antibiotics ore being prescribed too often for patients with tooth pain or localized abscesses and infrequently when the systemic spread of infection is less obvious, such as with trismus but no fever. Universally promulgated guidelines formulated by professional bodies may lead to improved adherence and a reduction in negative outcomes resulting from the overprescription of antibiotics.

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