Antibacterial compounds from the Australian native plant Eremophila glabra

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Abstract

Recent reports of Eremophila glabra (R.Br.) Ostenf. (Scrophulariaceae) displaying antibacterial activity has led us to investigate the bioactive secondary metabolites responsible for this activity. Bioassay-directed fractionation of solvent extracts prepared from the leaves of E. glabra led to the isolation of seven serrulatane diterpenes, three flavonoids and the caffeoyl ester disaccharide verbascoside. Among these, four serrulatanes, namely 18-acetoxy-8, 20-dihydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (14), 18,20-diacetoxy-8-hydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (16), 8,18,20-triacetoxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (17) and 18-acetoxy-8-hydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (18) are described for the first time, while 8,20-diacetoxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (3), 8,18,20-trihydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (5) and 20-acetoxy-8-hydroxyserrulat-14-en-19-oic acid (19) were previously reported. All three flavonoids hispidulin (12), jaceosidin (13) and cirsimaritin (15) are known but reported for the first time in E. glabra. All compounds were tested in an agar diffusion antimicrobial assay against Staphylococcus aureus (NCTC 10442) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 14990). Compounds 12, 13, 17, 18 and 19 exhibited moderate activity, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from 32 to 512 μg/mL. Compound 19 demonstrated the highest activity against S. epidermidis ATCC 14990 with MIC of 32 μg/mL, while 13 demonstrated the highest activity against S. aureus NCTC 10442 with MIC of 128 μg/mL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalFitoterapia
Volume126
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018

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