Anti-inflammatory deficiencies in neutrophilic asthma: Reduced galectin-3 and IL-1RA/IL-1β

P. Gao, P.G.E. Gibson, K.J. Baines, I. Yang, J.W. Upham, P.N. Reynolds, S.J. Hodge, Alan James, C.R. Jenkins, M.J. Peters, J. Zhang, J.L. Simpson

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    Abstract

    © 2015 Gao et al.; licensee BioMed Central. Background: Galectin-3 (gal-3), a member of the β-galactoside-binding animal lectins, is involved in the recruitment, activation and removal of neutrophils. Neutrophilic asthma is characterized by a persistent elevation of airway neutrophils and impaired efferocytosis. We hypothesized that sputum gal-3 would be reduced in neutrophilic asthma and the expression of gal-3 would be associated with other markers of neutrophilic inflammation.Methods: Adults with asthma (n = 80) underwent a sputum induction following clinical assessment and blood collection. Sputum was dispersed for a differential cell count and ELISA assessment of gal-3, gal-3 binding protein (BP), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1 receptor antagonist (RA), IL-8 and IL-6. Gal-3 and gal-3BP immunoreactivity were assessed in mixed sputum cells.Results: Sputum gal-3 (median, (q1,q3)) was significantly reduced in neutrophilic asthma (183 ng/mL (91,287)) compared with eosinophilic (293 ng/mL (188,471), p = 0.021) and paucigranulocytic asthma (399 ng/mL (213,514), p = 0.004). The gal-3/gal-3BP ratio and IL-1RA/IL-1β ratio were significantly reduced, while gal-3BP and IL-1β were significantly elevated in neutrophilic asthma compared with eosinophilic and paucigranulocytic asthma.Conclusion: Patients with neutrophilic asthma have impairment in anti-inflammatory ratio of gal-3/gal-3BP and IL-1RA/IL-1β which provides a further framework for exploration into pathologic mechanisms of asthma phenotypes.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    JournalRespiratory Research
    Volume16
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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