Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using a double bundle hamstring autograft configuration in patients under 30 years

Christopher Reece Lim, Tamalee Henson, Jay Ebert, Peter Annear

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has a high incidence of re-tear in younger patients. Despite comparable functional outcomes, the incidence of retear using single and double bundle ACLR methods has not been well reported. AIM To hypothesize that double bundle hamstring ACLR has a lower graft rupture rate compared with single bundle hamstring ACLR grafts in young patients. METHODS One hundred and twelve patients < 30 years of age at the time of primary double bundle ACLR were eligible for study participation. 91 (81.3%) could be contacted, with a mean age of 20.4 years (range 13-29) and mean post-operative follow-up time of 59 mo (range 25-107). Telephone questionnaires evaluated the incidence (and timing) of subsequent re-tear and contralateral ACL tear, further surgeries, incidence and time to return to sport, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS Of the 91 patients, there were 6 (6.6%, 95%CI: 1.4-11.7) ACL graft re-ruptures, with a mean time to re-rupture of 28 mo (range 12-84). Fourteen patients (15.4%) experienced a contralateral ACL rupture and 14 patients (15.4%) required further surgery to their ipsilateral knee. fifty patients (54.9%) returned to pre-injury level of sport. Of those < 20 years (n = 45), 4 patients (8.9%, 95%CI: 0.4-17.3) experienced a re-rupture, with mean time to re-injury 15 mo (range 12-24). Comparative analysis with existing literature and revealed a non-significant Chisquared statistic of 2.348 (P = 0.125). CONCLUSION A trend existed toward lower graft rupture rates in young patients undergoing double bundle ACLR utilizing a hamstring autograft, compared with rates reported after single bundle ACLR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-453
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Orthopaedics
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2019

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