Anisotropy effects on the magnetic excitations of a ferromagnetic monolayer below and above the Curie temperature

M.G. Pini, P. Politi, Robert Stamps

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The field-driven reorientation transition of an anisotropic ferromagnetic monolayer is studied within the context of a finite-temperature Green's-function theory. The equilibrium state and the field dependence of the magnon energy gap E-0 are calculated for static magnetic field H applied in plane along an easy or hard axis. In the latter case, the in-plane reorientation of the magnetization is shown to be continuous at T = 0, in agreement with free-spin-wave theory, and discontinuous at finite temperature T > 0, in contrast with the prediction of mean-field theory. The discontinuity in the orientation angle creates a jump in the magnon energy gap, and it is the reason why, for T > 0, the energy does not go to zero at the reorientation field. approach. Above the Curie temperature T-C, the magnon energy gap E-0(H) vanishes for H = 0 in both the easy and hard cases. As H is increased, the gap is found to increase almost linearly with H, but with different slopes depending on the field orientation. In particular, the slope is smaller when H is along the hard axis. Such a magnetic anisotropy of the spin-wave energies is shown to persist well above T-C (T approximate to 1.2T(C)).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)014454-1-014454-11
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Volume72
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

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