Animal models of chronic tympanic membrane perforation: A 'time-out' to review evidence and standardize design

Allen Wang, Y. Shen, JT Wang, Peter Friedland, Marcus Atlas, Rodney Dilley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Citations (Scopus)


© 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Objective: To review the literature on techniques for creation of chronic tympanic membrane perforations (TMP) in animal models. Establishing such models in a laboratory setting will have value if they replicate many of the properties of the human clinical condition and can thus be used for investigation of novel grafting materials or other interventions. MethodsA literature search of the PubMed database (1950-August 2014) was performed.The search included all English-language literature published attempts on chronic or delayed TMP in animal models. Studies of non English-language or acute TMP were excluded. ResultsThirty-seven studies were identified. Various methods to create TMP in animals have been used including infolding technique, thermal injury, re-myringotomy, and topical agents including chemicals and growth factor receptor inhibitors. The most common type of animal utilized was chinchilla, followed by rat and guinea pig. Twenty three of the 37 studies reported success in achieving chronic TMP animal model while 14 studies solely delayed the healing of TMP. Numerous experimental limitations were identified including TMP patency duration of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2048-2055
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2014


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