Animal models of acute otitis media – A review with practical implications for laboratory research

N. H. Davidoss, Y. K. Varsak, P. L. Santa Maria

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)


    Considerable animal research has focused on developing new strategies for the prevention and treatment of acute otitis media (AOM). Several experimental models of AOM have thus been developed. A PubMed search of the English literature was conducted from 1975 to July 2016 using the search terms “animal model” and “otitis media” from which 91 published studies were included for analysis, yielding 123 animal models. The rat, mouse and chinchilla are the preferred animals for experimental AOM models with their individual advantages and disadvantages. The most common pathogens used to create AOM are Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis. Streptococcus pneumoniae (types 3, 23 and 6A) and non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) are best options for inoculation into rat and mouse models. Adding viral pathogens such as RSV and Influenza A virus, along with creating ET dysfunction, are useful adjuncts in animal models of AOM. Antibiotic prophylaxis may interfere with the inflammatory response without a significant reduction in animal mortality.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)183-190
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018


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