Analysis of the Outer Retinal Bands in ABCA4 and PRPH2-Associated Retinopathy using OCT

Rachael C. Heath Jeffery, Johnny Lo, Jennifer A. Thompson, Tina M. Lamey, Terri L. McLaren, John N. De Roach, Lauren N. Ayton, Andrea L. Vincent, Abhishek Sharma, Fred K. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outer retinal bands using OCT in ABCA4- and PRPH2-associated retinopathy and develop a novel imaging biomarker to differentiate between these 2 genotypes. Design: Multicenter case-control study. Participants: Patients with a clinical and genetic diagnosis of ABCA4- or PRPH2-associated retinopathy and an age-matched control group. Methods: Macular OCT was used to measure the thickness of the outer retinal bands 2 and 4 by 2 independent examiners at 4 retinal loci. Main Outcome Measures: Outcome measures included the thicknesses of band 2, band 4, and the band 2/band 4 ratio. Linear mixed modeling was used to make comparisons across the 3 groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis determined the optimal cutoff for the band 2/band 4 ratio to distinguish PRPH2- from ABCA4-associated retinopathy. Results: We included 45 patients with ABCA4 variants, 45 patients with PRPH2 variants, and 45 healthy controls. Band 2 was significantly thicker in patients with PRPH2 compared with ABCA4 (21.4 vs. 15.9 μm, P < 0.001) variants, whereas band 4 was thicker in patients with ABCA4 variants than those with PRPH2 variants (27.5 vs. 21.7 μm, P < 0.001). Similarly, the band 2/band 4 ratio was significantly different (1.0 vs. 0.6 for PRPH2 vs. ABCA4, P < 0.001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.87 for either band 2 (> 18.58 μm) or band 4 (< 26.17 μm) alone and 0.99 (95% confidence interval: 0.97–0.99) for the band 2/band 4 ratio with a cutoff threshold of 0.79, providing 100% specificity. Conclusions: We report an altered outer retinal band profile whereby the band 2/band 4 ratio was able to discriminate between PRPH2- and ABCA4-associated retinopathy. This may have future clinic utility in predicting the genotype and provide further insight into the anatomic correlate of band 2. Financial Disclosure(s): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found after the references.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-183
Number of pages10
JournalOphthalmology Retina
Volume8
Issue number2
Early online date18 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Cite this