An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behaviours

Gavin Mccormack, Billie Giles-Corti, Andrea Lange, T. Smith, K. Martin, Terri Pikora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

225 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physical environment has the potential to influence the physical behaviours oflarge numbers of people; hence creating supportive environments has the potentialto increase physical activity (PA). During the last decade, there has been growinginterest in how the physical environment shapes PA behaviour. This area of researchis important given that levels of PA participation are declining globally. Literature wasreviewed that examined the association between physical environmental attributesand PA behaviours. The environmental attributes were grouped into four categoriesbased on a conceptual framework of environmental factors that might influence PAand included functionality, safety, aesthetics and destinations. Positive associationswere found between both perceived and objectively measured environmental factorsand PA behaviour. The availability, accessibility and convenience of destinations andfacilities, as well as the general functionality of the neighbourhood (eg, the presence ofsidewalks, traffic conditions) and aesthetics were positively associated with various levelsof PA. The review highlights the need for future studies: to examine behaviour-specificenvironmental attributes, to collect objectively-measured environmental data and toinclude both objective and perceived environmental data in the same studies, and toadopt prospective study designs to allow causal relationships to be established.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-92
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Fingerprint

Self Report
Esthetics
Prospective Studies
Safety

Cite this

@article{8257f5a0472a4f718bac42e51d7e700f,
title = "An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behaviours",
abstract = "The physical environment has the potential to influence the physical behaviours oflarge numbers of people; hence creating supportive environments has the potentialto increase physical activity (PA). During the last decade, there has been growinginterest in how the physical environment shapes PA behaviour. This area of researchis important given that levels of PA participation are declining globally. Literature wasreviewed that examined the association between physical environmental attributesand PA behaviours. The environmental attributes were grouped into four categoriesbased on a conceptual framework of environmental factors that might influence PAand included functionality, safety, aesthetics and destinations. Positive associationswere found between both perceived and objectively measured environmental factorsand PA behaviour. The availability, accessibility and convenience of destinations andfacilities, as well as the general functionality of the neighbourhood (eg, the presence ofsidewalks, traffic conditions) and aesthetics were positively associated with various levelsof PA. The review highlights the need for future studies: to examine behaviour-specificenvironmental attributes, to collect objectively-measured environmental data and toinclude both objective and perceived environmental data in the same studies, and toadopt prospective study designs to allow causal relationships to be established.",
author = "Gavin Mccormack and Billie Giles-Corti and Andrea Lange and T. Smith and K. Martin and Terri Pikora",
year = "2004",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "81--92",
journal = "Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport",
issn = "1440-2440",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behaviours. / Mccormack, Gavin; Giles-Corti, Billie; Lange, Andrea; Smith, T.; Martin, K.; Pikora, Terri.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2004, p. 81-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - An update of recent evidence of the relationship between objective and self-report measures of the physical environment and physical activity behaviours

AU - Mccormack, Gavin

AU - Giles-Corti, Billie

AU - Lange, Andrea

AU - Smith, T.

AU - Martin, K.

AU - Pikora, Terri

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - The physical environment has the potential to influence the physical behaviours oflarge numbers of people; hence creating supportive environments has the potentialto increase physical activity (PA). During the last decade, there has been growinginterest in how the physical environment shapes PA behaviour. This area of researchis important given that levels of PA participation are declining globally. Literature wasreviewed that examined the association between physical environmental attributesand PA behaviours. The environmental attributes were grouped into four categoriesbased on a conceptual framework of environmental factors that might influence PAand included functionality, safety, aesthetics and destinations. Positive associationswere found between both perceived and objectively measured environmental factorsand PA behaviour. The availability, accessibility and convenience of destinations andfacilities, as well as the general functionality of the neighbourhood (eg, the presence ofsidewalks, traffic conditions) and aesthetics were positively associated with various levelsof PA. The review highlights the need for future studies: to examine behaviour-specificenvironmental attributes, to collect objectively-measured environmental data and toinclude both objective and perceived environmental data in the same studies, and toadopt prospective study designs to allow causal relationships to be established.

AB - The physical environment has the potential to influence the physical behaviours oflarge numbers of people; hence creating supportive environments has the potentialto increase physical activity (PA). During the last decade, there has been growinginterest in how the physical environment shapes PA behaviour. This area of researchis important given that levels of PA participation are declining globally. Literature wasreviewed that examined the association between physical environmental attributesand PA behaviours. The environmental attributes were grouped into four categoriesbased on a conceptual framework of environmental factors that might influence PAand included functionality, safety, aesthetics and destinations. Positive associationswere found between both perceived and objectively measured environmental factorsand PA behaviour. The availability, accessibility and convenience of destinations andfacilities, as well as the general functionality of the neighbourhood (eg, the presence ofsidewalks, traffic conditions) and aesthetics were positively associated with various levelsof PA. The review highlights the need for future studies: to examine behaviour-specificenvironmental attributes, to collect objectively-measured environmental data and toinclude both objective and perceived environmental data in the same studies, and toadopt prospective study designs to allow causal relationships to be established.

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 81

EP - 92

JO - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

IS - 1

ER -