An in-situ study of low thermal expansion and internal stress evolution in FeMn alloys

Jinyi Liu, Daqiang Jiang, Zhiyuan Ma, Hui Zhang, Genfa Kang, Yuxuan Chen, Kaiyuan Yu, Yang Ren, Yinong Liu, Lei Ge, Lishan Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The mechanism of low thermal expansion phenomenon in antiferromagnetic FeMn alloys needs to be revealed. In this work, the evolution of lattice thermal expansion and internal stress in FeMn alloys was investigated by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction during thermal cycling. Preceding the martensitic transformation, the coefficient of lattice thermal expansion (CLTE) decreased and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the diffraction peaks broadened abnormally. The evolution of the lattice thermal expansion and the FWHM were both reversible and isotropic. The additional reflection spots around the fundamental diffraction spots in the electron diffraction patterns of austenite and the dispersed nano-scale martensite embryos in austenite observed in the dark field TEM images proves the existence of premartensitic transformation. Similar phenomena were found in FeMn Invar alloy, which indicate that the Invar effect is closely related to the internal stress evolution caused by premartensitic transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112342
JournalMaterials Characterization
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'An in-situ study of low thermal expansion and internal stress evolution in FeMn alloys'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this