An improved algorithm to remove DC offsets from fault current signals

Sachit A. Gopalan, Yateendra Mishra, Victor Sreeram, Herbert Ho Ching Iu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Fault current signals that are processed by digital relays consist of dc, fundamental, and harmonic components. Filtering algorithms are necessary to eliminate the dc and harmonic components from these signals. Several algorithms have been proposed for this task which vary in their accuracy, response time, and computational burden. The conventional discrete Fourier transform (DFT) can eliminate harmonics and is commonly used to estimate the fundamental frequency phasor, but its accuracy is lower as it does not filter the dc offset. Other algorithms including variants of DFT attempt to improve the accuracy and response time. This paper proposes a technique that takes into account the exponential variation of the dc offset and more accurately determines the fundamental component. The effectiveness of this method is evaluated by simulation on a two-machine system and also compared against existing phasor measurement methods. Simulations confirm that the proposed method can more accurately estimate the fundamental component compared to the existing methods. © 2016 IEEE

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number7582524
    Pages (from-to)749-756
    Number of pages8
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Delivery
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


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