An Eya1-Notch axis specifies bipotential epibranchial differentiation in mammalian craniofacial morphogenesis

Haoran Zhang, Li Wang, Elaine Yee Man Wong, Sze Lan Tsang, Pin-Xian Xu, Urban Lendahl, Mai Har Sham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Craniofacial morphogenesis requires proper development of pharyngeal arches and epibranchial placodes. We show that the epibranchial placodes, in addition to giving rise to cranial sensory neurons, generate a novel lineage-related non-neuronal cell population for mouse pharyngeal arch development. Eya1 is essential for the development of epibranchial placodes and proximal pharyngeal arches. We identify an Eya1-Notch regulatory axis that specifies both the neuronal and non-neuronal commitment of the epibranchial placode, where Notch acts downstream of Eya1 and promotes the non-neuronal cell fate. Notch is regulated by the threonine phosphatase activity of Eya1. Eya1 dephosphorylates p-threonine-2122 of the Notch1 intracellular domain (Notch1 ICD), which increases the stability of Notch1 ICD and maintains Notch signaling activity in the non-neuronal epibranchial placodal cells. Our data unveil a more complex differentiation program in epibranchial placodes and an important role for the Eya1-Notch axis in craniofacial morphogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere30126
JournaleLife
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

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