An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol

Hendrix Yulis Setyawan, Mingming Zhu, Zhezi Zhang, Dongke Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

The effect of residual biodiesel on the ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of glycerol was experimentally studied. Biodiesel was added into pure glycerol at concentrations ranging from 1 to 3v% to simulate biodiesel residue in glycerol as the by-product of trans-esterification of fatty acids. The single droplets of glycerol with and without biodiesel were suspended on the tip of a silicon carbide fibre and then ignited and combusted in a horizontal tube furnace maintained at 1023K. The ignition and combustion processes of the single droplets were recorded using a high-speed CCD camera. The droplet size, ignition delay time, burnout time, and burning rate were determined by analysing the history of the captured images. Biodiesel preferentially evaporated first, leading to the ignition of the droplet and the formation of a reddish flame. Subsequently, glycerol evaporated and burned with a greenish flame. As the biodiesel concentration increased, ignition delay and burnout times decreased while the burning rate of the droplets increased.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion
EditorsM. Dunn, E.R. Hawkes , A.R. Masri , M. Cleary , A. Kourmatzis , Q.N. Chan, S. Kook
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherCombustion Institute
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion - Sydney, Australia
Duration: 10 Dec 201714 Dec 2017

Conference

Conference11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion
Abbreviated titleASPACC
CountryAustralia
CitySydney
Period10/12/1714/12/17

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Glycerol
Ignition
High speed cameras
Transesterification
CCD cameras
Fatty acids
Silicon carbide
Byproducts
Time delay
Furnaces
Fibers

Cite this

Setyawan, H. Y., Zhu, M., Zhang, Z., & Zhang, D. (2017). An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol. In M. Dunn, E. R. Hawkes , A. R. Masri , M. Cleary , A. Kourmatzis , Q. N. Chan, & S. Kook (Eds.), Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion Australia: Combustion Institute.
Setyawan, Hendrix Yulis ; Zhu, Mingming ; Zhang, Zhezi ; Zhang, Dongke. / An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol. Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. editor / M. Dunn ; E.R. Hawkes ; A.R. Masri ; M. Cleary ; A. Kourmatzis ; Q.N. Chan ; S. Kook. Australia : Combustion Institute, 2017.
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title = "An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol",
abstract = "The effect of residual biodiesel on the ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of glycerol was experimentally studied. Biodiesel was added into pure glycerol at concentrations ranging from 1 to 3v{\%} to simulate biodiesel residue in glycerol as the by-product of trans-esterification of fatty acids. The single droplets of glycerol with and without biodiesel were suspended on the tip of a silicon carbide fibre and then ignited and combusted in a horizontal tube furnace maintained at 1023K. The ignition and combustion processes of the single droplets were recorded using a high-speed CCD camera. The droplet size, ignition delay time, burnout time, and burning rate were determined by analysing the history of the captured images. Biodiesel preferentially evaporated first, leading to the ignition of the droplet and the formation of a reddish flame. Subsequently, glycerol evaporated and burned with a greenish flame. As the biodiesel concentration increased, ignition delay and burnout times decreased while the burning rate of the droplets increased.",
author = "Setyawan, {Hendrix Yulis} and Mingming Zhu and Zhezi Zhang and Dongke Zhang",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
editor = "M. Dunn and {Hawkes }, E.R. and {Masri }, A.R. and {Cleary }, M. and {Kourmatzis }, A. and Q.N. Chan and S. Kook",
booktitle = "Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion",
publisher = "Combustion Institute",

}

Setyawan, HY, Zhu, M, Zhang, Z & Zhang, D 2017, An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol. in M Dunn, ER Hawkes , AR Masri , M Cleary , A Kourmatzis , QN Chan & S Kook (eds), Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. Combustion Institute, Australia, 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, Sydney, Australia, 10/12/17.

An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol. / Setyawan, Hendrix Yulis; Zhu, Mingming; Zhang, Zhezi; Zhang, Dongke.

Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. ed. / M. Dunn; E.R. Hawkes ; A.R. Masri ; M. Cleary ; A. Kourmatzis ; Q.N. Chan; S. Kook. Australia : Combustion Institute, 2017.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

TY - GEN

T1 - An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol

AU - Setyawan, Hendrix Yulis

AU - Zhu, Mingming

AU - Zhang, Zhezi

AU - Zhang, Dongke

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The effect of residual biodiesel on the ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of glycerol was experimentally studied. Biodiesel was added into pure glycerol at concentrations ranging from 1 to 3v% to simulate biodiesel residue in glycerol as the by-product of trans-esterification of fatty acids. The single droplets of glycerol with and without biodiesel were suspended on the tip of a silicon carbide fibre and then ignited and combusted in a horizontal tube furnace maintained at 1023K. The ignition and combustion processes of the single droplets were recorded using a high-speed CCD camera. The droplet size, ignition delay time, burnout time, and burning rate were determined by analysing the history of the captured images. Biodiesel preferentially evaporated first, leading to the ignition of the droplet and the formation of a reddish flame. Subsequently, glycerol evaporated and burned with a greenish flame. As the biodiesel concentration increased, ignition delay and burnout times decreased while the burning rate of the droplets increased.

AB - The effect of residual biodiesel on the ignition and combustion characteristics of single droplets of glycerol was experimentally studied. Biodiesel was added into pure glycerol at concentrations ranging from 1 to 3v% to simulate biodiesel residue in glycerol as the by-product of trans-esterification of fatty acids. The single droplets of glycerol with and without biodiesel were suspended on the tip of a silicon carbide fibre and then ignited and combusted in a horizontal tube furnace maintained at 1023K. The ignition and combustion processes of the single droplets were recorded using a high-speed CCD camera. The droplet size, ignition delay time, burnout time, and burning rate were determined by analysing the history of the captured images. Biodiesel preferentially evaporated first, leading to the ignition of the droplet and the formation of a reddish flame. Subsequently, glycerol evaporated and burned with a greenish flame. As the biodiesel concentration increased, ignition delay and burnout times decreased while the burning rate of the droplets increased.

M3 - Conference paper

BT - Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion

A2 - Dunn, M.

A2 - Hawkes , E.R.

A2 - Masri , A.R.

A2 - Cleary , M.

A2 - Kourmatzis , A.

A2 - Chan, Q.N.

A2 - Kook, S.

PB - Combustion Institute

CY - Australia

ER -

Setyawan HY, Zhu M, Zhang Z, Zhang D. An Experimental Study of the Effect of Biodiesel on the Ignition and Combustion Characteristics of Single Droplets of Glycerol. In Dunn M, Hawkes ER, Masri AR, Cleary M, Kourmatzis A, Chan QN, Kook S, editors, Proceedings of 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion. Australia: Combustion Institute. 2017