An experimental and kinetic study of canola oil transesterification catalyzed by mesoporous alumina supported potassium

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    Abstract

    An experimental and kinetic study of the transesterification of canola oil with methanol for biodiesel production using a novel mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was conducted. The mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was synthesized via the aqueous phase sol-gel pathway involving the one-pot simultaneous self-assembly of aluminium isopropoxide (Al(i-PrO)3) and potassium nitrate (KNO3). The effect of reaction temperature (from 50 °C to 70 °C), methanol to canola oil molar ratio (M/O, 6:1–15:1) and catalyst loading (1.0 wt%–2.5 wt%, relative to the oil) on the biodiesel yield was investigated. The MAK catalyst achieved the highest of 91.9% biodiesel yield under the reaction conditions of: temperature of 70 °C, catalyst loading 2.0 wt% and M/O 12:1 in 24 h. The reaction rate increased with increasing reaction temperature, catalyst loading and M/O under the conditions tested. The kinetics of the transesterification was also determined and a literature kinetic model has been shown to well reproduce the experimental data. The activation energy was found to range from 20.9 to 23.4 kJ mol−1. The MAK catalyzed transesterification was thought to follow an Eley–Rideal mechanism that the reaction started with methanol adsorption on the active sites of MAK, followed by surface reaction between the adsorbed methanol and triglyceride to yield methyl esters and glycerol. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)166-173
    Number of pages8
    JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
    Volume530
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2017

    Fingerprint

    Aluminum Oxide
    Transesterification
    Potassium
    Alumina
    Catalysts
    Kinetics
    Methanol
    Biofuels
    Biodiesel
    Surface reactions
    Aluminum
    Glycerol
    Temperature
    Self assembly
    Reaction rates
    Sol-gels
    canola oil
    Oils
    Nitrates
    Esters

    Cite this

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    title = "An experimental and kinetic study of canola oil transesterification catalyzed by mesoporous alumina supported potassium",
    abstract = "An experimental and kinetic study of the transesterification of canola oil with methanol for biodiesel production using a novel mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was conducted. The mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was synthesized via the aqueous phase sol-gel pathway involving the one-pot simultaneous self-assembly of aluminium isopropoxide (Al(i-PrO)3) and potassium nitrate (KNO3). The effect of reaction temperature (from 50 °C to 70 °C), methanol to canola oil molar ratio (M/O, 6:1–15:1) and catalyst loading (1.0 wt{\%}–2.5 wt{\%}, relative to the oil) on the biodiesel yield was investigated. The MAK catalyst achieved the highest of 91.9{\%} biodiesel yield under the reaction conditions of: temperature of 70 °C, catalyst loading 2.0 wt{\%} and M/O 12:1 in 24 h. The reaction rate increased with increasing reaction temperature, catalyst loading and M/O under the conditions tested. The kinetics of the transesterification was also determined and a literature kinetic model has been shown to well reproduce the experimental data. The activation energy was found to range from 20.9 to 23.4 kJ mol−1. The MAK catalyzed transesterification was thought to follow an Eley–Rideal mechanism that the reaction started with methanol adsorption on the active sites of MAK, followed by surface reaction between the adsorbed methanol and triglyceride to yield methyl esters and glycerol. {\circledC} 2016 Elsevier B.V.",
    keywords = "Heterogeneous catalysis, Kinetics, Mesoporous alumina, Reaction pathway, Transesterification",
    author = "Wei Wu and Mingming Zhu and Dongke Zhang",
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    T1 - An experimental and kinetic study of canola oil transesterification catalyzed by mesoporous alumina supported potassium

    AU - Wu, Wei

    AU - Zhu, Mingming

    AU - Zhang, Dongke

    PY - 2017/1/25

    Y1 - 2017/1/25

    N2 - An experimental and kinetic study of the transesterification of canola oil with methanol for biodiesel production using a novel mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was conducted. The mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was synthesized via the aqueous phase sol-gel pathway involving the one-pot simultaneous self-assembly of aluminium isopropoxide (Al(i-PrO)3) and potassium nitrate (KNO3). The effect of reaction temperature (from 50 °C to 70 °C), methanol to canola oil molar ratio (M/O, 6:1–15:1) and catalyst loading (1.0 wt%–2.5 wt%, relative to the oil) on the biodiesel yield was investigated. The MAK catalyst achieved the highest of 91.9% biodiesel yield under the reaction conditions of: temperature of 70 °C, catalyst loading 2.0 wt% and M/O 12:1 in 24 h. The reaction rate increased with increasing reaction temperature, catalyst loading and M/O under the conditions tested. The kinetics of the transesterification was also determined and a literature kinetic model has been shown to well reproduce the experimental data. The activation energy was found to range from 20.9 to 23.4 kJ mol−1. The MAK catalyzed transesterification was thought to follow an Eley–Rideal mechanism that the reaction started with methanol adsorption on the active sites of MAK, followed by surface reaction between the adsorbed methanol and triglyceride to yield methyl esters and glycerol. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

    AB - An experimental and kinetic study of the transesterification of canola oil with methanol for biodiesel production using a novel mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was conducted. The mesoporous alumina supported potassium (MAK) catalyst was synthesized via the aqueous phase sol-gel pathway involving the one-pot simultaneous self-assembly of aluminium isopropoxide (Al(i-PrO)3) and potassium nitrate (KNO3). The effect of reaction temperature (from 50 °C to 70 °C), methanol to canola oil molar ratio (M/O, 6:1–15:1) and catalyst loading (1.0 wt%–2.5 wt%, relative to the oil) on the biodiesel yield was investigated. The MAK catalyst achieved the highest of 91.9% biodiesel yield under the reaction conditions of: temperature of 70 °C, catalyst loading 2.0 wt% and M/O 12:1 in 24 h. The reaction rate increased with increasing reaction temperature, catalyst loading and M/O under the conditions tested. The kinetics of the transesterification was also determined and a literature kinetic model has been shown to well reproduce the experimental data. The activation energy was found to range from 20.9 to 23.4 kJ mol−1. The MAK catalyzed transesterification was thought to follow an Eley–Rideal mechanism that the reaction started with methanol adsorption on the active sites of MAK, followed by surface reaction between the adsorbed methanol and triglyceride to yield methyl esters and glycerol. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

    KW - Heterogeneous catalysis

    KW - Kinetics

    KW - Mesoporous alumina

    KW - Reaction pathway

    KW - Transesterification

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    DO - 10.1016/j.apcata.2016.11.029

    M3 - Article

    VL - 530

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    EP - 173

    JO - APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL

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    SN - 0926-860X

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