An Archean Yellowstone? Evidence from extremely low δ18O in zircons preserved in granulites of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia

Johannes Hammerli, Anthony I.S. Kemp, Heejin Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


We report the discovery of Archean (2980-2670 Ma) zircons from the Yilgarn Craton in Western Australia that record unusually low δ18O signatures (to -0.5‰). These zircons occur in cordierite-orthopyroxene granulites that retain the geochemical signature of intense premetamorphic hydrothermal alteration. We propose a model whereby the low-δ18O zircons crystallized within protoliths that record multiple stages of high-temperature interaction and hydrothermal exchange between shallow crustal material and 18O-depleted meteoric fluids, in a setting analogous to that of the Yellowstone caldera. Burial and subsequent granulitefacies metamorphism of this crust led to the crystallization of zircon, which acquired and preserved the extremely 18O-depleted signature of the whole rock. The apparent absence of strongly 18O depleted Archean zircons has been a puzzling feature of the global zircon record, but we suggest this is an artifact of poor preservation potential. Our findings suggest that long-lived, shallow crustal magmatic-hydrothermal systems similar to those operating in modern caldera complexes were also a feature of Archean Earth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-414
Number of pages4
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'An Archean Yellowstone? Evidence from extremely low δ<sup>18</sup>O in zircons preserved in granulites of the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this