Amyloid precursor protein gene isoforms in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders

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Abstract

Differential expression of the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) may be important in the development of amyloidosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and experimentally in the brain's response to injury. Controversial data suggests that APP isoforms containing the Kunitz protease inhibitor isoform (APP KPI+) are over expressed in the brains of patients with AD when compared to the non-Kunitz protease inhibitor containing isoforms (APP KPI-). We have investigated this hypothesis using a quantitative analysis of gene expression on brain tissue collected at post-mortem. In situ hybridization has been used with synthetic oligonucleotide probes labelled with 35S to detect the two principal splice variants of APP: APP 695 (KPI-) and APP 751 (KPI+). A prospective brain bank of frozen brain specimens has been established and includes pathologically proven AD (n=15) and other neurodegenerative disorders as controls (n=18). The controls consist of frontal lobe atrophy (n=4), Huntington's disease (n=5), Parkinson's disease (n=4), motor neuron disease (n=2), multi-infarct dementia (n=1), multisystem atrophy (n=1), and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (n=1). We have observed no significant differences in the expression of APP 695 KPI- mRNA in frontal lobe: 17.49+/-3.26 optical density (OD) units of mRNA expression in AD vs. 16.13+/-1.76 OD units mRNA in controls (P=0.80, linear regression); or temporal lobe: 14.73+/-2.96 in AD vs. 16.49+/-2.15 in controls (P=0.55). No significant differences have been found in APP 751 KPI+ in frontal lobe: 12.86+/-2.98 in AD vs. 13.70+/-2.88 in controls (P=0.97); and temporal lobe: 13.31+/-4.93 in AD vs. 11.07+/-1.99 in controls (P=0. 65). Analysis of the ratios of APP 751 KPI+ OD units of mRNA to APP 695 KPI- mRNA revealed a trend to an increased ratio which did not reach statistical significance: frontal lobe APP 751 KPI+/APP 695 KPI- 1.92+/-1.04 in AD vs. 0.86+/-0.17 in controls (P=0.54); temporal lobe 2.54+/-1.59 in AD vs. 0.96+/-0.11 controls (P=0.34). Our data has not revealed differential expression of APP mRNA isoforms in AD and supports the hypothesis that post-translational events in APP metabolism are important in amyloidogenesis and the pathogenesis of AD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-92
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume173
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2000

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Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
Amyloid
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Alzheimer Disease
Protein Isoforms
Genes
Frontal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Messenger RNA
Brain
Protease Inhibitors
Multi-Infarct Dementia
Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis
RNA Isoforms
Multiple System Atrophy
Motor Neuron Disease
Oligonucleotide Probes
Huntington Disease
Amyloidosis
Atrophy

Cite this

@article{086349d91c964dfd88fc39cb69691425,
title = "Amyloid precursor protein gene isoforms in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders",
abstract = "Differential expression of the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) may be important in the development of amyloidosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and experimentally in the brain's response to injury. Controversial data suggests that APP isoforms containing the Kunitz protease inhibitor isoform (APP KPI+) are over expressed in the brains of patients with AD when compared to the non-Kunitz protease inhibitor containing isoforms (APP KPI-). We have investigated this hypothesis using a quantitative analysis of gene expression on brain tissue collected at post-mortem. In situ hybridization has been used with synthetic oligonucleotide probes labelled with 35S to detect the two principal splice variants of APP: APP 695 (KPI-) and APP 751 (KPI+). A prospective brain bank of frozen brain specimens has been established and includes pathologically proven AD (n=15) and other neurodegenerative disorders as controls (n=18). The controls consist of frontal lobe atrophy (n=4), Huntington's disease (n=5), Parkinson's disease (n=4), motor neuron disease (n=2), multi-infarct dementia (n=1), multisystem atrophy (n=1), and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (n=1). We have observed no significant differences in the expression of APP 695 KPI- mRNA in frontal lobe: 17.49+/-3.26 optical density (OD) units of mRNA expression in AD vs. 16.13+/-1.76 OD units mRNA in controls (P=0.80, linear regression); or temporal lobe: 14.73+/-2.96 in AD vs. 16.49+/-2.15 in controls (P=0.55). No significant differences have been found in APP 751 KPI+ in frontal lobe: 12.86+/-2.98 in AD vs. 13.70+/-2.88 in controls (P=0.97); and temporal lobe: 13.31+/-4.93 in AD vs. 11.07+/-1.99 in controls (P=0. 65). Analysis of the ratios of APP 751 KPI+ OD units of mRNA to APP 695 KPI- mRNA revealed a trend to an increased ratio which did not reach statistical significance: frontal lobe APP 751 KPI+/APP 695 KPI- 1.92+/-1.04 in AD vs. 0.86+/-0.17 in controls (P=0.54); temporal lobe 2.54+/-1.59 in AD vs. 0.96+/-0.11 controls (P=0.34). Our data has not revealed differential expression of APP mRNA isoforms in AD and supports the hypothesis that post-translational events in APP metabolism are important in amyloidogenesis and the pathogenesis of AD.",
keywords = "Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Alzheimer Disease, Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor, Biological Specimen Banks, Brain Chemistry, Carrier Proteins, Female, Frontal Lobe, Gene Expression Profiling, Hippocampus, Humans, In Situ Hybridization, Male, Middle Aged, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Oligonucleotide Probes, Prospective Studies, Protease Nexins, Protein Isoforms, Protein Structure, Tertiary, RNA, Messenger, Receptors, Cell Surface, Single-Blind Method, Temporal Lobe, Western Australia, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Panegyres, {P K} and K Zafiris-Toufexis and Kakulas, {B A}",
year = "2000",
month = "2",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/S0022-510X(99)00311-1",
language = "English",
volume = "173",
pages = "81--92",
journal = "Journal of Neurological Sciences",
issn = "0022-510X",
publisher = "Pergamon",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Amyloid precursor protein gene isoforms in Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders

AU - Panegyres, P K

AU - Zafiris-Toufexis, K

AU - Kakulas, B A

PY - 2000/2/15

Y1 - 2000/2/15

N2 - Differential expression of the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) may be important in the development of amyloidosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and experimentally in the brain's response to injury. Controversial data suggests that APP isoforms containing the Kunitz protease inhibitor isoform (APP KPI+) are over expressed in the brains of patients with AD when compared to the non-Kunitz protease inhibitor containing isoforms (APP KPI-). We have investigated this hypothesis using a quantitative analysis of gene expression on brain tissue collected at post-mortem. In situ hybridization has been used with synthetic oligonucleotide probes labelled with 35S to detect the two principal splice variants of APP: APP 695 (KPI-) and APP 751 (KPI+). A prospective brain bank of frozen brain specimens has been established and includes pathologically proven AD (n=15) and other neurodegenerative disorders as controls (n=18). The controls consist of frontal lobe atrophy (n=4), Huntington's disease (n=5), Parkinson's disease (n=4), motor neuron disease (n=2), multi-infarct dementia (n=1), multisystem atrophy (n=1), and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (n=1). We have observed no significant differences in the expression of APP 695 KPI- mRNA in frontal lobe: 17.49+/-3.26 optical density (OD) units of mRNA expression in AD vs. 16.13+/-1.76 OD units mRNA in controls (P=0.80, linear regression); or temporal lobe: 14.73+/-2.96 in AD vs. 16.49+/-2.15 in controls (P=0.55). No significant differences have been found in APP 751 KPI+ in frontal lobe: 12.86+/-2.98 in AD vs. 13.70+/-2.88 in controls (P=0.97); and temporal lobe: 13.31+/-4.93 in AD vs. 11.07+/-1.99 in controls (P=0. 65). Analysis of the ratios of APP 751 KPI+ OD units of mRNA to APP 695 KPI- mRNA revealed a trend to an increased ratio which did not reach statistical significance: frontal lobe APP 751 KPI+/APP 695 KPI- 1.92+/-1.04 in AD vs. 0.86+/-0.17 in controls (P=0.54); temporal lobe 2.54+/-1.59 in AD vs. 0.96+/-0.11 controls (P=0.34). Our data has not revealed differential expression of APP mRNA isoforms in AD and supports the hypothesis that post-translational events in APP metabolism are important in amyloidogenesis and the pathogenesis of AD.

AB - Differential expression of the amyloid precursor protein gene (APP) may be important in the development of amyloidosis in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and experimentally in the brain's response to injury. Controversial data suggests that APP isoforms containing the Kunitz protease inhibitor isoform (APP KPI+) are over expressed in the brains of patients with AD when compared to the non-Kunitz protease inhibitor containing isoforms (APP KPI-). We have investigated this hypothesis using a quantitative analysis of gene expression on brain tissue collected at post-mortem. In situ hybridization has been used with synthetic oligonucleotide probes labelled with 35S to detect the two principal splice variants of APP: APP 695 (KPI-) and APP 751 (KPI+). A prospective brain bank of frozen brain specimens has been established and includes pathologically proven AD (n=15) and other neurodegenerative disorders as controls (n=18). The controls consist of frontal lobe atrophy (n=4), Huntington's disease (n=5), Parkinson's disease (n=4), motor neuron disease (n=2), multi-infarct dementia (n=1), multisystem atrophy (n=1), and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (n=1). We have observed no significant differences in the expression of APP 695 KPI- mRNA in frontal lobe: 17.49+/-3.26 optical density (OD) units of mRNA expression in AD vs. 16.13+/-1.76 OD units mRNA in controls (P=0.80, linear regression); or temporal lobe: 14.73+/-2.96 in AD vs. 16.49+/-2.15 in controls (P=0.55). No significant differences have been found in APP 751 KPI+ in frontal lobe: 12.86+/-2.98 in AD vs. 13.70+/-2.88 in controls (P=0.97); and temporal lobe: 13.31+/-4.93 in AD vs. 11.07+/-1.99 in controls (P=0. 65). Analysis of the ratios of APP 751 KPI+ OD units of mRNA to APP 695 KPI- mRNA revealed a trend to an increased ratio which did not reach statistical significance: frontal lobe APP 751 KPI+/APP 695 KPI- 1.92+/-1.04 in AD vs. 0.86+/-0.17 in controls (P=0.54); temporal lobe 2.54+/-1.59 in AD vs. 0.96+/-0.11 controls (P=0.34). Our data has not revealed differential expression of APP mRNA isoforms in AD and supports the hypothesis that post-translational events in APP metabolism are important in amyloidogenesis and the pathogenesis of AD.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Aged, 80 and over

KW - Alzheimer Disease

KW - Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor

KW - Biological Specimen Banks

KW - Brain Chemistry

KW - Carrier Proteins

KW - Female

KW - Frontal Lobe

KW - Gene Expression Profiling

KW - Hippocampus

KW - Humans

KW - In Situ Hybridization

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Neurodegenerative Diseases

KW - Oligonucleotide Probes

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Protease Nexins

KW - Protein Isoforms

KW - Protein Structure, Tertiary

KW - RNA, Messenger

KW - Receptors, Cell Surface

KW - Single-Blind Method

KW - Temporal Lobe

KW - Western Australia

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1016/S0022-510X(99)00311-1

DO - 10.1016/S0022-510X(99)00311-1

M3 - Article

VL - 173

SP - 81

EP - 92

JO - Journal of Neurological Sciences

JF - Journal of Neurological Sciences

SN - 0022-510X

IS - 2

ER -