The potential use of an alternating treatment strategy with nevirapine and zidovudine in prolonging the antiretroviral effects of nevirapine was evaluated. Ten human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected p24 antigen-positive persons who had not received prior antiretroviral therapy were treated for 9-13 weeks with an alternating regimen of 1 week of nevirapine (200 mg/day) and 3 weeks of zidovudine (600 mg/day). Serum p24 antigen levels declined during the first week of nevirapine treatment (median, 59%); however, subsequent courses of nevirapine were characterized by rising p24 antigen levels, while antigen levels remained stable or declined during zidovudine treatment. Serum beta 2-microglobulin levels and CD4+ cell counts exhibited similar responses. HIV-1 isolates obtained from 2 patients revealed 40- and 1000-fold reductions in nevirapine sensitivity after 8 weeks. These findings demonstrate that alternating treatment with zidovudine and nevirapine does not prolong the effectiveness of nevirapine and does not prevent the development of nevirapine resistance.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||The Journal of infectious diseases|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1994|