Purpose: To study the outcomes of AlphaCor implantationMethods: The AlphaCor artificial cornea is indicated for corneal blindness not treatable by donor grafting. Prospective preoperative and follow-up data were collected. Data were evaluated using SPSS for statistical analysis of outcomes, trends, and associations.Results: This report includes data returned through February 28, 2006, for all 322 devices implanted, with mean follow-up in situ of 15.5 months and a maximum of 7.4 years. The probability of AlphaCor retention at 6 months and 1 and 2 years for protocol cases was 92%, 80%, and 62%, respectively, and off-label cases were at higher risk (P = 0.010), as were cases not prescribed medroxyprogesterone (MPG; P = 0.001). Currently, the most common complications were stromal melting, fibrous reclosure of the posterior lamellar opening, and white intraoptic deposits, with incidences in 2005 of 11.4%, 5.1%, and 2.6%, respectively. MPG seems to protect against melts, and eyes with a history of herpetic keratitis were not at increased risk. A history of glaucoma or the presence of tubes did not affect device retention. Complications culminated in loss of an eye in 1.3%. Mean preoperative visual acuity (VA) was hand movements. The VA achieved postoperatively (light perception to 20/20) was affected by previous pathology and postoperative course, with a mean improvement of 2 lines.Conclusion: AlphaCor provides a treatment option where a donor tissue graft would not succeed in severe corneal conditions, while being reversible to a donor graft in the event of complications for anatomic integrity. Surgical technique and adjunctive therapies are evolving with experience. Continued data collection is important for a fuller understanding of AlphaCor's role.
|Publication status||Published - 2006|