Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Lolium rigidum Gaud.

Y. Ran, N.J. Patron, Qin Yu, S. Georges, J.G. Mason, G.C. Spangenberg

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    Lolium rigidum Gaud. is an annual grass grown for forage but also an economically damaging crop weed. A single genotype somatic embryogenic callus line, VLR1-60, was identified from a herbicide susceptible L. rigidum population, VLR1, and proved to be amenable to Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Somatic embryogenic calli were continuously induced from the meristematic region of VLR1-60 plants multiplied in vitro and the basic tolerance level of VLR1-60 to hygromycin B was determined. A hygromycin phosphotransferase gene was used as a selectable marker for hygromycin B selection. Somatic embryogenic calli derived from in vitro grown vegetative tillers were co-cultivated with the A. tumefaciens strain EHA105 harbouring binary vector carrying reporter genes and selectable marker in the presence of acetosyringone for 3 days. Inoculated calli were recovered on callus proliferation medium containing Timentin™ but lacking hygromycin and were then subcultured onto media with hygromycin concentrations increased progressively through time for selection of transformed plant cells. Putative transgenic plants were recovered and integration of transgenes was confirmed by Southern hybridization analysis and by detection of DsRed or GUS activity in transgenic plants. The frequency of plant transformation was 1.3%. The ability to transform L. rigidum will provide opportunities for functional characterization of genes to improve forage quality and increase our understanding of the evolution of herbicide resistance and of the basic genetics underlying traits that make L. rigidum a damaging crop weed. © 2014 The Author(s).
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)67-75
    JournalPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


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