Advanced MRI features in relapsing multiple sclerosis patients with and without CSF oligoclonal IgG bands

Lin Zhao, Jill Abrigo, Qianyun Chen, Cheryl Au, Angel Ng, Ping Fan, Vincent Mok, Wei Qiu, Allan G. Kermode, Alexander Y. Lau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Oligoclonal IgG bands (OCB) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are important in diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). We evaluated the MRI features of clinically definite MS subjects with and without CSF-OCB. Relapsing MS subjects were recruited from a prospective registry in a university center. CSF-OCB were detected using isoelectric focusing and lgG-specific immunofixation. MRI metrics including brain volumes, lesion volumes and microstructural measures, were analyzed by FMRIB Software Library (FSL) and Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM). Seventy-five subjects with relapsing MS were analyzed. Forty-four (59%) subjects had an interval MRI at around 1 year. CSF-OCB were detected in 46 (61%) subjects. The OCB-positive group had a higher proportion of cerebellar lesions than the OCB-negative group (23.9% vs. 3.4%, p = 0.057). Except for amygdala volumes which were lower in the OCB-positive group (p = 0.034), other regional brain volumes including the subcortical deep gray matter and corpus callosum were similar. The two groups also showed comparable brain atrophy rate. For DTI, the OCB-positive group showed significantly higher mean diffusivity (MD) value in perilesional normal-appearing white matter (p = 0.043). Relapsing MS patients with and without CSF-OCB shared similar MRI features regarding volumetric analyses and DTI microstructural integrity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13703
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020

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