Advanced LIGO

J. Aasi, B.P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, K. Ackley, C.A. Adams, T.S. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, V. Adya, C. Affeldt, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, A.I.C. Ain, P.M. Ajith, A. Alemic, B. Allen, D. Amariutei, S.B. Anderson & 678 others W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, G. Ashton, S. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, B.E. Aylott, S.V. Babak, P.T. Baker, S.W. Ballmer, J.C.B. Barayoga, M. Barbet, S. Barclay, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, B. Barr, L. Barsotti, J.F. Bartlett, M.A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, J.C. Batch, C. Baune, B. Behnke, A.S. Bell, C.J. Bell, M.J. Benacquista, J. Bergman, G. Bergmann, C.P.L. Berry, J.C. Betzwieser, S. Bhagwat, R. Bhandare, I.A. Bilenko, G.L. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, C.M. Biwer, J.K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, Carl Blair, David Blair, O. Bock, T.P. Bodiya, P. Bojtos, C. Bond, R. Bork, M. Born, S. Bose, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, J.E. Brau, D.O. Bridges, M. Brinkmann, A.F. Brooks, D.A. Brown, D.D.E. Brown, N.M. Brown, S. Buchman, A. Buikema, A. Buonanno, L. Cadonati, J. Calderón Bustillo, J.B. Camp, K.C. Cannon, J. Cao, C.D. Capano, S. Caride, S.E. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, C. Cepeda, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S.J. Chamberlin, S. Chao, P.R. Charlton, Y. Chen, H.S. Cho, M. Cho, J.H. Chow, N. Christensen, Qi Chu, S. Chung, G.S. Ciani, F.M. Clara, J.A. Clark, C. Collette, L.R. Cominsky, M. Constancio, D. Cook, T.R.C. Corbitt, N.J. Cornish, A. Corsi, C.A. Costa, M.W. Coughlin, S. Countryman, P. Couvares, David Coward, M.J. Cowart, D.C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K.K. Craig, J.D.E. Creighton, T.D. Creighton, J. Cripe, S.G. Crowder, A.V. Cumming, L. Cunningham, C.J. Cutler, K. Dahl, T. Dal Canton, M. Damjanic, Stefan Danilishin, K.V. Danzmann, L.P. Dartez, I. Dave, H.P. Daveloza, G.S. Davies, E.J. Daw, D.B. Debra, W. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, V.A. Dergachev, R.T. Derosa, R. Desalvo, S.V. Dhurandhar, M.A. Díaz, I. Di Palma, G. Dojcinoski, E. Dominguez, F. Donovan, K.L. Dooley, S. Doravari, R. Douglas, T.P. Downes, J.C. Driggers, Z. Du, S. Dwyer, T. Eberle, T. Edo, M. Edwards, A. Effler, H.B. Eggenstein, P. Ehrens, J. Eichholz, S.S. Eikenberry, R. Essick, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, M. Factourovich, S. Fairhurst, X. Fan, Qi Fang, B.F. Farr, W.M. Farr, M. Favata, M. Fays, H. Fehrmann, M.M. Fejer, D. Feldbaum, E.C.S. Ferreira, R.P. Fisher, Z. Frei, A. Freise, R. Frey, T.T. Fricke, P.K. Fritschel, V.V. Frolov, S. Fuentes-Tapia, P.J. Fulda, M. Fyffe, J.R. Gair, S. Gaonkar, N. Gehrels, L.A. Gergely, J.A. Giaime, K.D. Giardina, J. Gleason, E. Goetz, R. Goetz, L. Gondán, G. González, N.A. Gordon, M.L. Gorodetsky, S. Gossan, S. Goßler, C.P. Gräf, P.B. Graff, A.T. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, R.J.S. Greenhalgh, A.M. Gretarsson, H. Grote, S. Grunewald, C.J. Guido, X. Guo, K.E. Gushwa, E.K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, J. Hacker, E.D. Hall, G. Hammond, M. Hanke, J.A. Hanks, C. Hanna, M.D. Hannam, J. Hanson, T. Hardwick, G.M. Harry, I.W. Harry, M.V. Hart, M. Hartman, C.J. Haster, K. Haughian, S. Hee, M.C. Heintze, G. Heinzel, M.A. Hendry, I. Heng, A.W. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M.R. Hewitson, S. Hild, D. Hoak, K.A. Hodge, S.E. Hollitt, K. Holt, P. Hopkins, D.J. Hosken, J. Hough, E.A. Houston, Eric Howell, Y. Hu, E.A. Huerta, B.J. Hughey, S. Husa, S.H. Huttner, M. Huynh, T. Huynh-Dinh, A. Idrisy, N.M. Indik, D.R. Ingram, R. Inta, G.J. Islas, J.C. Isler, T. Isogai, B.R. Iyer, K. Izumi, M. Jacobson, H. Jang, S. Jawahar, Y. Ji, F. Jiménez-Forteza, W.W. Johnson, D.I. Jones, R.W.L. Jones, Li Ju, K.H. Haris, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, G. Kang, J.B. Kanner, E. Katsavounidis, W. Katzman, H. Kaufer, S. Kaufer, Tejinder Kaur, K. Kawabe, F. Kawazoe, G.M. Keiser, D. Keitel, D.B. Kelley, W.P. Kells, D.G. Keppel, J.S. Key, A. Khalaidovski, F.Y.A. Khalili, E.A. Khazanov, C. Kim, K. Kim, N.G. Kim, Y.M. Kim, E.J. King, P.J. King, D.L. Kinzel, J.S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, J.L. Kline, S. Koehlenbeck, K. Kokeyama, V.S. Kondrashov, M. Korobko, W.Z. Korth, D.B. Kozak, V. Kringel, B. Krishnan, C. Krueger, G. Kuehn, A.S. Kumar, P.N. Kumar, L. Kuo, M. Landry, B.T. Lantz, S.L. Larson, P.D. Lasky, A. Lazzarini, C. Lazzaro, J. Le, P. Leaci, S.S. Leavey, E.O. Lebigot, C.H. Lee, H.K. Lee, H. Lee, J.R. Leong, Y.I. Levin, B.M. Levine, J.C. Lewis, T.G.F. Li, K.G. Libbrecht, A. Libson, A.C. Lin, T.B. Littenberg, N.A. Lockerbie, V. Lockett, J. Logue, A.L. Lombardi, M. Lormand, J. Lough, M.J. Lubinski, H. Lück, A.P. Lundgren, R.S. Lynch, Y. Ma, J.L. Macarthur, T. Macdonald, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, D.M. Macleod, F. Magaña-Sandoval, R. Magee, M. Mageswaran, C. Maglione, K. Mailand, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, V. Mangano, G.L. Mansell, S. Márka, Z. Márka, A.S. Markosyan, E. Maros, I.W. Martin, R.M. Martin, D. Martynov, J.N. Marx, K. Mason, T.J. Massinger, F. Matichard, L. Matone, N. Mavalvala, N. Mazumder, G. Mazzolo, R.L. Mccarthy, D.E. Mcclelland, S. Mccormick, S.C. Mcguire, G. Mcintyre, J. Mciver, K. Mclin, S.T. Mcwilliams, G.D. Meadors, M. Meinders, A. Melatos, G. Mendell, R.A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C.J. Messenger, P.M. Meyers, H. Miao, H. Middleton, E.E. Mikhailov, J.M.C.L. Miller, M.A. Millhouse, J. Ming, S. Mirshekari, C.S. Mishra, S.K. Mitra, V.P. Mitrofanov, G.V. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, B. Moe, S.D. Mohanty, S.R.P. Mohapatra, B. Moore, D. Moraru, G. Moreno, S.R. Morriss, K. Mossavi, C.M. Mow-Lowry, C.L. Mueller, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, A.J. Mullavey, J. Munch, D.C. Murphy, P.G. Murray, A. Mytidis, T. Nash, R.K. Nayak, V. Necula, K. Nedkova, G. Newton, T.T.H. Nguyen, A.B. Nielsen, S.M. Nissanke, A.H. Nitz, D. Nolting, M.E.N. Normandin, L.K. Nuttall, E. Ochsner, J. O'Dell, E. Oelker, G.H. Ogin, J.J. Oh, S.H. Oh, F. Ohme, P. Oppermann, R.J. Oram, B.M. O'Reilly, W. Ortega, R. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, C.D. Ott, D.J. Ottaway, R.S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, C. Padilla, A. Pai, S. Pai, O. Palashov, A. Pal-Singh, H. Pan, C. Pankow, F. Pannarale, B.C. Pant, M.A. Papa, H. Paris, Z. Patrick, M. Pedraza, L. Pekowsky, A. Pele, S.D. Penn, A. Perreca, M.H. Phelps, V. Pierro, I.M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, J. Poeld, A. Post, A.K. Poteomkin, J.W. Powell, J. Prasad, V. Predoi, S. Premachandra, T. Prestegard, L.R. Price, M. Principe, S. Privitera, R. Prix, L.G. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, M. Pürrer, Jiayi Qin, V.M. Quetschke, E. Quintero, G. Quiroga, R. Quitzow-James, F.J. Raab, D.S. Rabeling, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, S.S. Raja, G.I. Rajalakshmi, M.J. Rakhmanov, K.P. Ramírez, V. Raymond, C.M. Reed, S. Reid, D.H. Reitze, O.A. Reula, K. Riles, N.A. Robertson, R. Robie, J.G. Rollins, V. Roma, J.D. Romano, G.V. Romanov, J.H. Romie, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, K. Ryan, S. Sachdev, T. Sadecki, L. Sadeghian, M.S. Saleem, F. Salemi, L. Sammut, V.D. Sandberg, J.R. Sanders, V. Sannibale, I. Santiago-Prieto, B.S. Sathyaprakash, P.R. Saulson, R. Savage, A. Sawadsky, J.T. Scheuer, R. Schilling, P.V. Schmidt, R. Schnabel, R.M.S. Schofield., E. Schreiber, D.R. Schuette, B.F. Schütz, J. Scott, S.M. Scott, D. Sellers, A.S. Sengupta, A.S. Sergeev, G. Serna, A. Sevigny, D.A. Shaddock, M.S. Shahriar, M. Shaltev, Z. Shao, B.N. Shapiro, P.S. Shawhan, D.H. Shoemaker, T.L. Sidery, X.A. Siemens, D.C. Sigg, A.D. Silva, D.A. Simakov, A. Singer, L.P. Singer, R. Singh, A.M. Sintes, B.J.J. Slagmolen, J.R. Smith, M.R. Smith, R.J.E. Smith, N.D. Smith-Lefebvre, E.J. Son, B. Sorazu, T. Souradeep, A.N. Staley, J.F. Stebbins, M.F. Steinke, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, D. Steinmeyer, B.C. Stephens, S. Steplewski, S. Stevenson, R.L. Stone, K.A. Strain, S.E. Strigin, R. Sturani, A.L. Stuver, T.Z. Summerscales, P.J. Sutton, M. Szczepanczyk, G. Szeifert, D. Talukder, D.B. Tanner, M. Tápai, S.P. Tarabrin, A. Taracchini, R.D. Taylor, G. Tellez, T. Theeg, M.P. Thirugnanasambandam, M. Thomas, P.A. Thomas, K.A. Thorne, K.S. Thorne, E. Thrane, V.K. Tiwari, C. Tomlinson, C.V. Torres, C.I. Torrie, G. Traylor, M. Tse, D. Tshilumba, D.W. Ugolini, C.S. Unnikrishnan, A.L. Urban, S.A. Usman, H. Vahlbruch, G. Vajente, G. Valdes, M. Vallisneri, A.A. Van Veggel, S. Vass, R. Vaulin, A. Vecchio, J.D. Veitch, P.J. Veitch, K.Y. Venkateswara, R.E. Vincent-Finley, S. Vitale, T. Vo, C. Vorvick, W.D. Vousden, S.P. Vyatchanin, A.R. Wade, L. Wade, M. Wade, M.A. Walker, L. Wallace, S.J. Walsh, H. Wang, M. Wang, X.F. Wang, R.L. Ward, J. Warner, M. Wa̧s, B. Weaver, M. Weinert, A.J. Weinstein, R. Weiss, T. Welborn, Linqing Wen, P. Weßels, T. Westphal, K.W. Wette, J.T. Whelan, S.E. Whitcomb, D.J. White, B.F. Whiting, C. Wilkinson, L.F. Williams, R.R. Williams, A.R. Williamson, J.L. Willis, B. Willke, M.H. Wimmer, W. Winkler, C.C. Wipf, H. Wittel, G. Woan, J.B. Worden, S. Xie, J. Yablon, I.V. Yakushin, W. Yam, H. Yamamoto, C.C. Yancey, Q. Yang, M. Zanolin, F. Zhang, L. Zhang, M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, C. Zhao, M. Zhou, Xingjiang Zhu, M.E. Zucker, S. Zuraw, J.G. Zweizig

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    690 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors are second-generation instruments designed and built for the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA, USA. The two instruments are identical in design, and are specialized versions of a Michelson interferometer with 4 km long arms. As in Initial LIGO, Fabry-Perot cavities are used in the arms to increase the interaction time with a gravitational wave, and power recycling is used to increase the effective laser power. Signal recycling has been added in Advanced LIGO to improve the frequency response. In the most sensitive frequency region around 100 Hz, the design strain sensitivity is a factor of 10 better than Initial LIGO. In addition, the low frequency end of the sensitivity band is moved from 40 Hz down to 10 Hz. All interferometer components have been replaced with improved technologies to achieve this sensitivity gain. Much better seismic isolation and test mass suspensions are responsible for the gains at lower frequencies. Higher laser power, larger test masses and improved mirror coatings lead to the improved sensitivity at mid and high frequencies. Data collecting runs with these new instruments are planned to begin in mid-2015.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number074001
    Number of pages41
    JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
    Volume32
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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    LIGO (observatory)
    recycling
    gravitational waves
    sensitivity
    low frequencies
    Michelson interferometers
    high power lasers
    frequency response
    isolation
    interferometers
    mirrors
    coatings
    cavities
    detectors
    lasers
    interactions

    Cite this

    Aasi, J., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abernathy, M. R., Ackley, K., ... Zweizig, J. G. (2015). Advanced LIGO. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 32(7), [074001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001
    Aasi, J. ; Abbott, B.P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abbott, T.D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C.A. ; Adams, T.S. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Adya, V. ; Affeldt, C. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Ain, A.I.C. ; Ajith, P.M. ; Alemic, A. ; Allen, B. ; Amariutei, D. ; Anderson, S.B. ; Anderson, W.G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Ashton, G. ; Ast, S. ; Aston, S.M. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Aylott, B.E. ; Babak, S.V. ; Baker, P.T. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C.B. ; Barbet, M. ; Barclay, S. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barr, B. ; Barsotti, L. ; Bartlett, J.F. ; Barton, M.A. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Batch, J.C. ; Baune, C. ; Behnke, B. ; Bell, A.S. ; Bell, C.J. ; Benacquista, M.J. ; Bergman, J. ; Bergmann, G. ; Berry, C.P.L. ; Betzwieser, J.C. ; Bhagwat, S. ; Bhandare, R. ; Bilenko, I.A. ; Billingsley, G.L. ; Birch, J. ; Biscans, S. ; Biwer, C.M. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, Carl ; Blair, David ; Bock, O. ; Bodiya, T.P. ; Bojtos, P. ; Bond, C. ; Bork, R. ; Born, M. ; Bose, S. ; Brady, P.R. ; Braginsky, V.B. ; Brau, J.E. ; Bridges, D.O. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brooks, A.F. ; Brown, D.A. ; Brown, D.D.E. ; Brown, N.M. ; Buchman, S. ; Buikema, A. ; Buonanno, A. ; Cadonati, L. ; Calderón Bustillo, J. ; Camp, J.B. ; Cannon, K.C. ; Cao, J. ; Capano, C.D. ; Caride, S. ; Caudill, S.E. ; Cavaglià, M. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chamberlin, S.J. ; Chao, S. ; Charlton, P.R. ; Chen, Y. ; Cho, H.S. ; Cho, M. ; Chow, J.H. ; Christensen, N. ; Chu, Qi ; Chung, S. ; Ciani, G.S. ; Clara, F.M. ; Clark, J.A. ; Collette, C. ; Cominsky, L.R. ; Constancio, M. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T.R.C. ; Cornish, N.J. ; Corsi, A. ; Costa, C.A. ; Coughlin, M.W. ; Countryman, S. ; Couvares, P. ; Coward, David ; Cowart, M.J. ; Coyne, D.C. ; Coyne, R. ; Craig, K.K. ; Creighton, J.D.E. ; Creighton, T.D. ; Cripe, J. ; Crowder, S.G. ; Cumming, A.V. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cutler, C.J. ; Dahl, K. ; Dal Canton, T. ; Damjanic, M. ; Danilishin, Stefan ; Danzmann, K.V. ; Dartez, L.P. ; Dave, I. ; Daveloza, H.P. ; Davies, G.S. ; Daw, E.J. ; Debra, D.B. ; Del Pozzo, W. ; Denker, T. ; Dent, T. ; Dergachev, V.A. ; Derosa, R.T. ; Desalvo, R. ; Dhurandhar, S.V. ; Díaz, M.A. ; Di Palma, I. ; Dojcinoski, G. ; Dominguez, E. ; Donovan, F. ; Dooley, K.L. ; Doravari, S. ; Douglas, R. ; Downes, T.P. ; Driggers, J.C. ; Du, Z. ; Dwyer, S. ; Eberle, T. ; Edo, T. ; Edwards, M. ; Effler, A. ; Eggenstein, H.B. ; Ehrens, P. ; Eichholz, J. ; Eikenberry, S.S. ; Essick, R. ; Etzel, T. ; Evans, M. ; Evans, T. ; Factourovich, M. ; Fairhurst, S. ; Fan, X. ; Fang, Qi ; Farr, B.F. ; Farr, W.M. ; Favata, M. ; Fays, M. ; Fehrmann, H. ; Fejer, M.M. ; Feldbaum, D. ; Ferreira, E.C.S. ; Fisher, R.P. ; Frei, Z. ; Freise, A. ; Frey, R. ; Fricke, T.T. ; Fritschel, P.K. ; Frolov, V.V. ; Fuentes-Tapia, S. ; Fulda, P.J. ; Fyffe, M. ; Gair, J.R. ; Gaonkar, S. ; Gehrels, N. ; Gergely, L.A. ; Giaime, J.A. ; Giardina, K.D. ; Gleason, J. ; Goetz, E. ; Goetz, R. ; Gondán, L. ; González, G. ; Gordon, N.A. ; Gorodetsky, M.L. ; Gossan, S. ; Goßler, S. ; Gräf, C.P. ; Graff, P.B. ; Grant, A.T. ; Gras, S. ; Gray, C. ; Greenhalgh, R.J.S. ; Gretarsson, A.M. ; Grote, H. ; Grunewald, S. ; Guido, C.J. ; Guo, X. ; Gushwa, K.E. ; Gustafson, E.K. ; Gustafson, R. ; Hacker, J. ; Hall, E.D. ; Hammond, G. ; Hanke, M. ; Hanks, J.A. ; Hanna, C. ; Hannam, M.D. ; Hanson, J. ; Hardwick, T. ; Harry, G.M. ; Harry, I.W. ; Hart, M.V. ; Hartman, M. ; Haster, C.J. ; Haughian, K. ; Hee, S. ; Heintze, M.C. ; Heinzel, G. ; Hendry, M.A. ; Heng, I. ; Heptonstall, A.W. ; Heurs, M. ; Hewitson, M.R. ; Hild, S. ; Hoak, D. ; Hodge, K.A. ; Hollitt, S.E. ; Holt, K. ; Hopkins, P. ; Hosken, D.J. ; Hough, J. ; Houston, E.A. ; Howell, Eric ; Hu, Y. ; Huerta, E.A. ; Hughey, B.J. ; Husa, S. ; Huttner, S.H. ; Huynh, M. ; Huynh-Dinh, T. ; Idrisy, A. ; Indik, N.M. ; Ingram, D.R. ; Inta, R. ; Islas, G.J. ; Isler, J.C. ; Isogai, T. ; Iyer, B.R. ; Izumi, K. ; Jacobson, M. ; Jang, H. ; Jawahar, S. ; Ji, Y. ; Jiménez-Forteza, F. ; Johnson, W.W. ; Jones, D.I. ; Jones, R.W.L. ; Ju, Li ; Haris, K.H. ; Kalogera, V. ; Kandhasamy, S. ; Kang, G. ; Kanner, J.B. ; Katsavounidis, E. ; Katzman, W. ; Kaufer, H. ; Kaufer, S. ; Kaur, Tejinder ; Kawabe, K. ; Kawazoe, F. ; Keiser, G.M. ; Keitel, D. ; Kelley, D.B. ; Kells, W.P. ; Keppel, D.G. ; Key, J.S. ; Khalaidovski, A. ; Khalili, F.Y.A. ; Khazanov, E.A. ; Kim, C. ; Kim, K. ; Kim, N.G. ; Kim, Y.M. ; King, E.J. ; King, P.J. ; Kinzel, D.L. ; Kissel, J.S. ; Klimenko, S. ; Kline, J.L. ; Koehlenbeck, S. ; Kokeyama, K. ; Kondrashov, V.S. ; Korobko, M. ; Korth, W.Z. ; Kozak, D.B. ; Kringel, V. ; Krishnan, B. ; Krueger, C. ; Kuehn, G. ; Kumar, A.S. ; Kumar, P.N. ; Kuo, L. ; Landry, M. ; Lantz, B.T. ; Larson, S.L. ; Lasky, P.D. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Lazzaro, C. ; Le, J. ; Leaci, P. ; Leavey, S.S. ; Lebigot, E.O. ; Lee, C.H. ; Lee, H.K. ; Lee, H. ; Leong, J.R. ; Levin, Y.I. ; Levine, B.M. ; Lewis, J.C. ; Li, T.G.F. ; Libbrecht, K.G. ; Libson, A. ; Lin, A.C. ; Littenberg, T.B. ; Lockerbie, N.A. ; Lockett, V. ; Logue, J. ; Lombardi, A.L. ; Lormand, M. ; Lough, J. ; Lubinski, M.J. ; Lück, H. ; Lundgren, A.P. ; Lynch, R.S. ; Ma, Y. ; Macarthur, J.L. ; Macdonald, T. ; Machenschalk, B. ; Macinnis, M. ; Macleod, D.M. ; Magaña-Sandoval, F. ; Magee, R. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Maglione, C. ; Mailand, K. ; Mandel, I. ; Mandic, V. ; Mangano, V. ; Mansell, G.L. ; Márka, S. ; Márka, Z. ; Markosyan, A.S. ; Maros, E. ; Martin, I.W. ; Martin, R.M. ; Martynov, D. ; Marx, J.N. ; Mason, K. ; Massinger, T.J. ; Matichard, F. ; Matone, L. ; Mavalvala, N. ; Mazumder, N. ; Mazzolo, G. ; Mccarthy, R.L. ; Mcclelland, D.E. ; Mccormick, S. ; Mcguire, S.C. ; Mcintyre, G. ; Mciver, J. ; Mclin, K. ; Mcwilliams, S.T. ; Meadors, G.D. ; Meinders, M. ; Melatos, A. ; Mendell, G. ; Mercer, R.A. ; Meshkov, S. ; Messenger, C.J. ; Meyers, P.M. ; Miao, H. ; Middleton, H. ; Mikhailov, E.E. ; Miller, J.M.C.L. ; Millhouse, M.A. ; Ming, J. ; Mirshekari, S. ; Mishra, C.S. ; Mitra, S.K. ; Mitrofanov, V.P. ; Mitselmakher, G.V. ; 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In: Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2015 ; Vol. 32, No. 7.
    @article{8fe51d48dae641a5a8c61e807688cbaa,
    title = "Advanced LIGO",
    abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors are second-generation instruments designed and built for the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA, USA. The two instruments are identical in design, and are specialized versions of a Michelson interferometer with 4 km long arms. As in Initial LIGO, Fabry-Perot cavities are used in the arms to increase the interaction time with a gravitational wave, and power recycling is used to increase the effective laser power. Signal recycling has been added in Advanced LIGO to improve the frequency response. In the most sensitive frequency region around 100 Hz, the design strain sensitivity is a factor of 10 better than Initial LIGO. In addition, the low frequency end of the sensitivity band is moved from 40 Hz down to 10 Hz. All interferometer components have been replaced with improved technologies to achieve this sensitivity gain. Much better seismic isolation and test mass suspensions are responsible for the gains at lower frequencies. Higher laser power, larger test masses and improved mirror coatings lead to the improved sensitivity at mid and high frequencies. Data collecting runs with these new instruments are planned to begin in mid-2015.",
    author = "J. Aasi and B.P. Abbott and R. Abbott and T.D. Abbott and M.R. Abernathy and K. Ackley and C.A. Adams and T.S. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and V. Adya and C. Affeldt and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and A.I.C. Ain and P.M. Ajith and A. Alemic and B. Allen and D. Amariutei and S.B. Anderson and W.G. Anderson and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and G. Ashton and S. Ast and S.M. Aston and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and B.E. Aylott and S.V. Babak and P.T. Baker and S.W. Ballmer and J.C.B. Barayoga and M. Barbet and S. Barclay and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and B. Barr and L. Barsotti and J.F. Bartlett and M.A. Barton and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and J.C. Batch and C. Baune and B. Behnke and A.S. Bell and C.J. Bell and M.J. Benacquista and J. Bergman and G. Bergmann and C.P.L. Berry and J.C. Betzwieser and S. Bhagwat and R. Bhandare and I.A. Bilenko and G.L. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and C.M. Biwer and J.K. Blackburn and L. Blackburn and Carl Blair and David Blair and O. Bock and T.P. Bodiya and P. Bojtos and C. Bond and R. Bork and M. Born and S. Bose and P.R. Brady and V.B. Braginsky and J.E. Brau and D.O. Bridges and M. Brinkmann and A.F. Brooks and D.A. Brown and D.D.E. Brown and N.M. Brown and S. Buchman and A. Buikema and A. Buonanno and L. Cadonati and {Calder{\'o}n Bustillo}, J. and J.B. Camp and K.C. Cannon and J. Cao and C.D. Capano and S. Caride and S.E. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and C. Cepeda and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and S.J. Chamberlin and S. Chao and P.R. Charlton and Y. Chen and H.S. Cho and M. Cho and J.H. Chow and N. Christensen and Qi Chu and S. Chung and G.S. Ciani and F.M. Clara and J.A. Clark and C. Collette and L.R. Cominsky and M. Constancio and D. Cook and T.R.C. Corbitt and N.J. Cornish and A. Corsi and C.A. Costa and M.W. Coughlin and S. Countryman and P. Couvares and David Coward and M.J. Cowart and D.C. Coyne and R. Coyne and K.K. Craig and J.D.E. Creighton and T.D. Creighton and J. Cripe and S.G. Crowder and A.V. Cumming and L. Cunningham and C.J. Cutler and K. Dahl and {Dal Canton}, T. and M. Damjanic and Stefan Danilishin and K.V. Danzmann and L.P. Dartez and I. Dave and H.P. Daveloza and G.S. Davies and E.J. Daw and D.B. Debra and {Del Pozzo}, W. and T. Denker and T. Dent and V.A. Dergachev and R.T. Derosa and R. Desalvo and S.V. Dhurandhar and M.A. D{\'i}az and {Di Palma}, I. and G. Dojcinoski and E. Dominguez and F. Donovan and K.L. Dooley and S. Doravari and R. Douglas and T.P. Downes and J.C. Driggers and Z. Du and S. Dwyer and T. Eberle and T. Edo and M. Edwards and A. Effler and H.B. Eggenstein and P. Ehrens and J. Eichholz and S.S. Eikenberry and R. Essick and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and M. Factourovich and S. Fairhurst and X. Fan and Qi Fang and B.F. Farr and W.M. Farr and M. Favata and M. Fays and H. Fehrmann and M.M. Fejer and D. Feldbaum and E.C.S. Ferreira and R.P. Fisher and Z. Frei and A. Freise and R. Frey and T.T. Fricke and P.K. Fritschel and V.V. Frolov and S. Fuentes-Tapia and P.J. Fulda and M. Fyffe and J.R. Gair and S. Gaonkar and N. Gehrels and L.A. Gergely and J.A. Giaime and K.D. Giardina and J. Gleason and E. Goetz and R. Goetz and L. Gond{\'a}n and G. Gonz{\'a}lez and N.A. Gordon and M.L. Gorodetsky and S. Gossan and S. Go{\ss}ler and C.P. Gr{\"a}f and P.B. Graff and A.T. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and R.J.S. Greenhalgh and A.M. Gretarsson and H. Grote and S. Grunewald and C.J. Guido and X. Guo and K.E. Gushwa and E.K. Gustafson and R. Gustafson and J. Hacker and E.D. Hall and G. Hammond and M. Hanke and J.A. Hanks and C. Hanna and M.D. Hannam and J. Hanson and T. Hardwick and G.M. Harry and I.W. Harry and M.V. Hart and M. Hartman and C.J. Haster and K. Haughian and S. Hee and M.C. Heintze and G. Heinzel and M.A. Hendry and I. Heng and A.W. Heptonstall and M. Heurs and M.R. Hewitson and S. Hild and D. Hoak and K.A. Hodge and S.E. Hollitt and K. Holt and P. Hopkins and D.J. Hosken and J. Hough and E.A. Houston and Eric Howell and Y. Hu and E.A. Huerta and B.J. Hughey and S. Husa and S.H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh-Dinh and A. Idrisy and N.M. Indik and D.R. Ingram and R. Inta and G.J. Islas and J.C. Isler and T. Isogai and B.R. Iyer and K. Izumi and M. Jacobson and H. Jang and S. Jawahar and Y. Ji and F. Jim{\'e}nez-Forteza and W.W. Johnson and D.I. Jones and R.W.L. Jones and Li Ju and K.H. Haris and V. Kalogera and S. Kandhasamy and G. Kang and J.B. Kanner and E. Katsavounidis and W. Katzman and H. Kaufer and S. Kaufer and Tejinder Kaur and K. Kawabe and F. Kawazoe and G.M. Keiser and D. Keitel and D.B. Kelley and W.P. Kells and D.G. Keppel and J.S. Key and A. Khalaidovski and F.Y.A. Khalili and E.A. Khazanov and C. Kim and K. Kim and N.G. Kim and Y.M. Kim and E.J. King and P.J. King and D.L. Kinzel and J.S. Kissel and S. Klimenko and J.L. Kline and S. Koehlenbeck and K. Kokeyama and V.S. Kondrashov and M. 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Raffai and S.S. Raja and G.I. Rajalakshmi and M.J. Rakhmanov and K.P. Ram{\'i}rez and V. Raymond and C.M. Reed and S. Reid and D.H. Reitze and O.A. Reula and K. Riles and N.A. Robertson and R. Robie and J.G. Rollins and V. Roma and J.D. Romano and G.V. Romanov and J.H. Romie and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and K. Ryan and S. Sachdev and T. Sadecki and L. Sadeghian and M.S. Saleem and F. Salemi and L. Sammut and V.D. Sandberg and J.R. Sanders and V. Sannibale and I. Santiago-Prieto and B.S. Sathyaprakash and P.R. Saulson and R. Savage and A. Sawadsky and J.T. Scheuer and R. Schilling and P.V. Schmidt and R. Schnabel and R.M.S. Schofield. and E. Schreiber and D.R. Schuette and B.F. Sch{\"u}tz and J. Scott and S.M. Scott and D. Sellers and A.S. Sengupta and A.S. Sergeev and G. Serna and A. Sevigny and D.A. Shaddock and M.S. Shahriar and M. Shaltev and Z. Shao and B.N. Shapiro and P.S. Shawhan and D.H. Shoemaker and T.L. Sidery and X.A. Siemens and D.C. Sigg and A.D. Silva and D.A. Simakov and A. Singer and L.P. Singer and R. Singh and A.M. Sintes and B.J.J. Slagmolen and J.R. Smith and M.R. Smith and R.J.E. Smith and N.D. Smith-Lefebvre and E.J. Son and B. Sorazu and T. Souradeep and A.N. Staley and J.F. Stebbins and M.F. Steinke and J. Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and D. Steinmeyer and B.C. Stephens and S. Steplewski and S. Stevenson and R.L. Stone and K.A. Strain and S.E. Strigin and R. Sturani and A.L. Stuver and T.Z. Summerscales and P.J. Sutton and M. Szczepanczyk and G. Szeifert and D. Talukder and D.B. Tanner and M. T{\'a}pai and S.P. Tarabrin and A. Taracchini and R.D. Taylor and G. Tellez and T. Theeg and M.P. Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and P.A. Thomas and K.A. Thorne and K.S. Thorne and E. Thrane and V.K. Tiwari and C. Tomlinson and C.V. Torres and C.I. Torrie and G. Traylor and M. Tse and D. Tshilumba and D.W. Ugolini and C.S. Unnikrishnan and A.L. Urban and S.A. Usman and H. Vahlbruch and G. Vajente and G. Valdes and M. Vallisneri and {Van Veggel}, A.A. and S. Vass and R. Vaulin and A. Vecchio and J.D. Veitch and P.J. Veitch and K.Y. Venkateswara and R.E. Vincent-Finley and S. Vitale and T. Vo and C. Vorvick and W.D. Vousden and S.P. Vyatchanin and A.R. Wade and L. Wade and M. Wade and M.A. Walker and L. Wallace and S.J. Walsh and H. Wang and M. Wang and X.F. Wang and R.L. Ward and J. Warner and M. Wa̧s and B. Weaver and M. Weinert and A.J. Weinstein and R. Weiss and T. Welborn and Linqing Wen and P. We{\ss}els and T. Westphal and K.W. Wette and J.T. Whelan and S.E. Whitcomb and D.J. White and B.F. Whiting and C. Wilkinson and L.F. Williams and R.R. Williams and A.R. Williamson and J.L. Willis and B. Willke and M.H. Wimmer and W. Winkler and C.C. Wipf and H. Wittel and G. Woan and J.B. Worden and S. Xie and J. Yablon and I.V. Yakushin and W. Yam and H. Yamamoto and C.C. Yancey and Q. Yang and M. Zanolin and F. Zhang and L. Zhang and M. Zhang and Y. Zhang and C. Zhao and M. Zhou and Xingjiang Zhu and M.E. Zucker and S. Zuraw and J.G. Zweizig",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001",
    language = "English",
    volume = "32",
    journal = "Classical and Quantum Gravity",
    issn = "0264-9381",
    publisher = "IOP Publishing",
    number = "7",

    }

    Aasi, J, Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abbott, TD, Abernathy, MR, Ackley, K, Adams, CA, Adams, TS, Addesso, P, Adhikari, RX, Adya, V, Affeldt, C, Aggarwal, N, Aguiar, OD, Ain, AIC, Ajith, PM, Alemic, A, Allen, B, Amariutei, D, Anderson, SB, Anderson, WG, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Arceneaux, C, Areeda, JS, Ashton, G, Ast, S, Aston, SM, Aufmuth, P, Aulbert, C, Aylott, BE, Babak, SV, Baker, PT, Ballmer, SW, Barayoga, JCB, Barbet, M, Barclay, S, Barish, BC, Barker, D, Barr, B, Barsotti, L, Bartlett, JF, Barton, MA, Bartos, I, Bassiri, R, Batch, JC, Baune, C, Behnke, B, Bell, AS, Bell, CJ, Benacquista, MJ, Bergman, J, Bergmann, G, Berry, CPL, Betzwieser, JC, Bhagwat, S, Bhandare, R, Bilenko, IA, Billingsley, GL, Birch, J, Biscans, S, Biwer, CM, Blackburn, JK, Blackburn, L, Blair, C, Blair, D, Bock, O, Bodiya, TP, Bojtos, P, Bond, C, Bork, R, Born, M, Bose, S, Brady, PR, Braginsky, VB, Brau, JE, Bridges, DO, Brinkmann, M, Brooks, AF, Brown, DA, Brown, DDE, Brown, NM, Buchman, S, Buikema, A, Buonanno, A, Cadonati, L, Calderón Bustillo, J, Camp, JB, Cannon, KC, Cao, J, Capano, CD, Caride, S, Caudill, SE, Cavaglià, M, Cepeda, C, Chakraborty, R, Chalermsongsak, T, Chamberlin, SJ, Chao, S, Charlton, PR, Chen, Y, Cho, HS, Cho, M, Chow, JH, Christensen, N, Chu, Q, Chung, S, Ciani, GS, Clara, FM, Clark, JA, Collette, C, Cominsky, LR, Constancio, M, Cook, D, Corbitt, TRC, Cornish, NJ, Corsi, A, Costa, CA, Coughlin, MW, Countryman, S, Couvares, P, Coward, D, Cowart, MJ, Coyne, DC, Coyne, R, Craig, KK, Creighton, JDE, Creighton, TD, Cripe, J, Crowder, SG, Cumming, AV, Cunningham, L, Cutler, CJ, Dahl, K, Dal Canton, T, Damjanic, M, Danilishin, S, Danzmann, KV, Dartez, LP, Dave, I, Daveloza, HP, Davies, GS, Daw, EJ, Debra, DB, Del Pozzo, W, Denker, T, Dent, T, Dergachev, VA, Derosa, RT, Desalvo, R, Dhurandhar, SV, Díaz, MA, Di Palma, I, Dojcinoski, G, Dominguez, E, Donovan, F, Dooley, KL, Doravari, S, Douglas, R, Downes, TP, Driggers, JC, Du, Z, Dwyer, S, Eberle, T, Edo, T, Edwards, M, Effler, A, Eggenstein, HB, Ehrens, P, Eichholz, J, Eikenberry, SS, Essick, R, Etzel, T, Evans, M, Evans, T, Factourovich, M, Fairhurst, S, Fan, X, Fang, Q, Farr, BF, Farr, WM, Favata, M, Fays, M, Fehrmann, H, Fejer, MM, Feldbaum, D, Ferreira, ECS, Fisher, RP, Frei, Z, Freise, A, Frey, R, Fricke, TT, Fritschel, PK, Frolov, VV, Fuentes-Tapia, S, Fulda, PJ, Fyffe, M, Gair, JR, Gaonkar, S, Gehrels, N, Gergely, LA, Giaime, JA, Giardina, KD, Gleason, J, Goetz, E, Goetz, R, Gondán, L, González, G, Gordon, NA, Gorodetsky, ML, Gossan, S, Goßler, S, Gräf, CP, Graff, PB, Grant, AT, Gras, S, Gray, C, Greenhalgh, RJS, Gretarsson, AM, Grote, H, Grunewald, S, Guido, CJ, Guo, X, Gushwa, KE, Gustafson, EK, Gustafson, R, Hacker, J, Hall, ED, Hammond, G, Hanke, M, Hanks, JA, Hanna, C, Hannam, MD, Hanson, J, Hardwick, T, Harry, GM, Harry, IW, Hart, MV, Hartman, M, Haster, CJ, Haughian, K, Hee, S, Heintze, MC, Heinzel, G, Hendry, MA, Heng, I, Heptonstall, AW, Heurs, M, Hewitson, MR, Hild, S, Hoak, D, Hodge, KA, Hollitt, SE, Holt, K, Hopkins, P, Hosken, DJ, Hough, J, Houston, EA, Howell, E, Hu, Y, Huerta, EA, Hughey, BJ, Husa, S, Huttner, SH, Huynh, M, Huynh-Dinh, T, Idrisy, A, Indik, NM, Ingram, DR, Inta, R, Islas, GJ, Isler, JC, Isogai, T, Iyer, BR, Izumi, K, Jacobson, M, Jang, H, Jawahar, S, Ji, Y, Jiménez-Forteza, F, Johnson, WW, Jones, DI, Jones, RWL, Ju, L, Haris, KH, Kalogera, V, Kandhasamy, S, Kang, G, Kanner, JB, Katsavounidis, E, Katzman, W, Kaufer, H, Kaufer, S, Kaur, T, Kawabe, K, Kawazoe, F, Keiser, GM, Keitel, D, Kelley, DB, Kells, WP, Keppel, DG, Key, JS, Khalaidovski, A, Khalili, FYA, Khazanov, EA, Kim, C, Kim, K, Kim, NG, Kim, YM, King, EJ, King, PJ, Kinzel, DL, Kissel, JS, Klimenko, S, Kline, JL, Koehlenbeck, S, Kokeyama, K, Kondrashov, VS, Korobko, M, Korth, WZ, Kozak, DB, Kringel, V, Krishnan, B, Krueger, C, Kuehn, G, Kumar, AS, Kumar, PN, Kuo, L, Landry, M, Lantz, BT, Larson, SL, Lasky, PD, Lazzarini, A, Lazzaro, C, Le, J, Leaci, P, Leavey, SS, Lebigot, EO, Lee, CH, Lee, HK, Lee, H, Leong, JR, Levin, YI, Levine, BM, Lewis, JC, Li, TGF, Libbrecht, KG, Libson, A, Lin, AC, Littenberg, TB, Lockerbie, NA, Lockett, V, Logue, J, Lombardi, AL, Lormand, M, Lough, J, Lubinski, MJ, Lück, H, Lundgren, AP, Lynch, RS, Ma, Y, Macarthur, JL, Macdonald, T, Machenschalk, B, Macinnis, M, Macleod, DM, Magaña-Sandoval, F, Magee, R, Mageswaran, M, Maglione, C, Mailand, K, Mandel, I, Mandic, V, Mangano, V, Mansell, GL, Márka, S, Márka, Z, Markosyan, AS, Maros, E, Martin, IW, Martin, RM, Martynov, D, Marx, JN, Mason, K, Massinger, TJ, Matichard, F, Matone, L, Mavalvala, N, Mazumder, N, Mazzolo, G, Mccarthy, RL, Mcclelland, DE, Mccormick, S, Mcguire, SC, Mcintyre, G, Mciver, J, Mclin, K, Mcwilliams, ST, Meadors, GD, Meinders, M, Melatos, A, Mendell, G, Mercer, RA, Meshkov, S, Messenger, CJ, Meyers, PM, Miao, H, Middleton, H, Mikhailov, EE, Miller, JMCL, Millhouse, MA, Ming, J, Mirshekari, S, Mishra, CS, Mitra, SK, Mitrofanov, VP, Mitselmakher, GV, Mittleman, R, Moe, B, Mohanty, SD, Mohapatra, SRP, Moore, B, Moraru, D, Moreno, G, Morriss, SR, Mossavi, K, Mow-Lowry, CM, Mueller, CL, Mueller, G, Mukherjee, S, Mullavey, AJ, Munch, J, Murphy, DC, Murray, PG, Mytidis, A, Nash, T, Nayak, RK, Necula, V, Nedkova, K, Newton, G, Nguyen, TTH, Nielsen, AB, Nissanke, SM, Nitz, AH, Nolting, D, Normandin, MEN, Nuttall, LK, Ochsner, E, O'Dell, J, Oelker, E, Ogin, GH, Oh, JJ, Oh, SH, Ohme, F, Oppermann, P, Oram, RJ, O'Reilly, BM, Ortega, W, O'Shaughnessy, R, Osthelder, C, Ott, CD, Ottaway, DJ, Ottens, RS, Overmier, H, Owen, BJ, Padilla, C, Pai, A, Pai, S, Palashov, O, Pal-Singh, A, Pan, H, Pankow, C, Pannarale, F, Pant, BC, Papa, MA, Paris, H, Patrick, Z, Pedraza, M, Pekowsky, L, Pele, A, Penn, SD, Perreca, A, Phelps, MH, Pierro, V, Pinto, IM, Pitkin, M, Poeld, J, Post, A, Poteomkin, AK, Powell, JW, Prasad, J, Predoi, V, Premachandra, S, Prestegard, T, Price, LR, Principe, M, Privitera, S, Prix, R, Prokhorov, LG, Puncken, O, Pürrer, M, Qin, J, Quetschke, VM, Quintero, E, Quiroga, G, Quitzow-James, R, Raab, FJ, Rabeling, DS, Radkins, H, Raffai, P, Raja, SS, Rajalakshmi, GI, Rakhmanov, MJ, Ramírez, KP, Raymond, V, Reed, CM, Reid, S, Reitze, DH, Reula, OA, Riles, K, Robertson, NA, Robie, R, Rollins, JG, Roma, V, Romano, JD, Romanov, GV, Romie, JH, Rowan, S, Rüdiger, A, Ryan, K, Sachdev, S, Sadecki, T, Sadeghian, L, Saleem, MS, Salemi, F, Sammut, L, Sandberg, VD, Sanders, JR, Sannibale, V, Santiago-Prieto, I, Sathyaprakash, BS, Saulson, PR, Savage, R, Sawadsky, A, Scheuer, JT, Schilling, R, Schmidt, PV, Schnabel, R, Schofield., RMS, Schreiber, E, Schuette, DR, Schütz, BF, Scott, J, Scott, SM, Sellers, D, Sengupta, AS, Sergeev, AS, Serna, G, Sevigny, A, Shaddock, DA, Shahriar, MS, Shaltev, M, Shao, Z, Shapiro, BN, Shawhan, PS, Shoemaker, DH, Sidery, TL, Siemens, XA, Sigg, DC, Silva, AD, Simakov, DA, Singer, A, Singer, LP, Singh, R, Sintes, AM, Slagmolen, BJJ, Smith, JR, Smith, MR, Smith, RJE, Smith-Lefebvre, ND, Son, EJ, Sorazu, B, Souradeep, T, Staley, AN, Stebbins, JF, Steinke, MF, Steinlechner, J, Steinlechner, S, Steinmeyer, D, Stephens, BC, Steplewski, S, Stevenson, S, Stone, RL, Strain, KA, Strigin, SE, Sturani, R, Stuver, AL, Summerscales, TZ, Sutton, PJ, Szczepanczyk, M, Szeifert, G, Talukder, D, Tanner, DB, Tápai, M, Tarabrin, SP, Taracchini, A, Taylor, RD, Tellez, G, Theeg, T, Thirugnanasambandam, MP, Thomas, M, Thomas, PA, Thorne, KA, Thorne, KS, Thrane, E, Tiwari, VK, Tomlinson, C, Torres, CV, Torrie, CI, Traylor, G, Tse, M, Tshilumba, D, Ugolini, DW, Unnikrishnan, CS, Urban, AL, Usman, SA, Vahlbruch, H, Vajente, G, Valdes, G, Vallisneri, M, Van Veggel, AA, Vass, S, Vaulin, R, Vecchio, A, Veitch, JD, Veitch, PJ, Venkateswara, KY, Vincent-Finley, RE, Vitale, S, Vo, T, Vorvick, C, Vousden, WD, Vyatchanin, SP, Wade, AR, Wade, L, Wade, M, Walker, MA, Wallace, L, Walsh, SJ, Wang, H, Wang, M, Wang, XF, Ward, RL, Warner, J, Wa̧s, M, Weaver, B, Weinert, M, Weinstein, AJ, Weiss, R, Welborn, T, Wen, L, Weßels, P, Westphal, T, Wette, KW, Whelan, JT, Whitcomb, SE, White, DJ, Whiting, BF, Wilkinson, C, Williams, LF, Williams, RR, Williamson, AR, Willis, JL, Willke, B, Wimmer, MH, Winkler, W, Wipf, CC, Wittel, H, Woan, G, Worden, JB, Xie, S, Yablon, J, Yakushin, IV, Yam, W, Yamamoto, H, Yancey, CC, Yang, Q, Zanolin, M, Zhang, F, Zhang, L, Zhang, M, Zhang, Y, Zhao, C, Zhou, M, Zhu, X, Zucker, ME, Zuraw, S & Zweizig, JG 2015, 'Advanced LIGO' Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol. 32, no. 7, 074001. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001

    Advanced LIGO. / Aasi, J.; Abbott, B.P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T.D.; Abernathy, M.R.; Ackley, K.; Adams, C.A.; Adams, T.S.; Addesso, P.; Adhikari, R.X.; Adya, V.; Affeldt, C.; Aggarwal, N.; Aguiar, O.D.; Ain, A.I.C.; Ajith, P.M.; Alemic, A.; Allen, B.; Amariutei, D.; Anderson, S.B.; Anderson, W.G.; Arai, K.; Araya, M.C.; Arceneaux, C.; Areeda, J.S.; Ashton, G.; Ast, S.; Aston, S.M.; Aufmuth, P.; Aulbert, C.; Aylott, B.E.; Babak, S.V.; Baker, P.T.; Ballmer, S.W.; Barayoga, J.C.B.; Barbet, M.; Barclay, S.; Barish, B.C.; Barker, D.; Barr, B.; Barsotti, L.; Bartlett, J.F.; Barton, M.A.; Bartos, I.; Bassiri, R.; Batch, J.C.; Baune, C.; Behnke, B.; Bell, A.S.; Bell, C.J.; Benacquista, M.J.; Bergman, J.; Bergmann, G.; Berry, C.P.L.; Betzwieser, J.C.; Bhagwat, S.; Bhandare, R.; Bilenko, I.A.; Billingsley, G.L.; Birch, J.; Biscans, S.; Biwer, C.M.; Blackburn, J.K.; Blackburn, L.; Blair, Carl; Blair, David; Bock, O.; Bodiya, T.P.; Bojtos, P.; Bond, C.; Bork, R.; Born, M.; Bose, S.; Brady, P.R.; Braginsky, V.B.; Brau, J.E.; Bridges, D.O.; Brinkmann, M.; Brooks, A.F.; Brown, D.A.; Brown, D.D.E.; Brown, N.M.; Buchman, S.; Buikema, A.; Buonanno, A.; Cadonati, L.; Calderón Bustillo, J.; Camp, J.B.; Cannon, K.C.; Cao, J.; Capano, C.D.; Caride, S.; Caudill, S.E.; Cavaglià, M.; Cepeda, C.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Chamberlin, S.J.; Chao, S.; Charlton, P.R.; Chen, Y.; Cho, H.S.; Cho, M.; Chow, J.H.; Christensen, N.; Chu, Qi; Chung, S.; Ciani, G.S.; Clara, F.M.; Clark, J.A.; Collette, C.; Cominsky, L.R.; Constancio, M.; Cook, D.; Corbitt, T.R.C.; Cornish, N.J.; Corsi, A.; Costa, C.A.; Coughlin, M.W.; Countryman, S.; Couvares, P.; Coward, David; Cowart, M.J.; Coyne, D.C.; Coyne, R.; Craig, K.K.; Creighton, J.D.E.; Creighton, T.D.; Cripe, J.; Crowder, S.G.; Cumming, A.V.; Cunningham, L.; Cutler, C.J.; Dahl, K.; Dal Canton, T.; Damjanic, M.; Danilishin, Stefan; Danzmann, K.V.; Dartez, L.P.; Dave, I.; Daveloza, H.P.; Davies, G.S.; Daw, E.J.; Debra, D.B.; Del Pozzo, W.; Denker, T.; Dent, T.; Dergachev, V.A.; Derosa, R.T.; Desalvo, R.; Dhurandhar, S.V.; Díaz, M.A.; Di Palma, I.; Dojcinoski, G.; Dominguez, E.; Donovan, F.; Dooley, K.L.; Doravari, S.; Douglas, R.; Downes, T.P.; Driggers, J.C.; Du, Z.; Dwyer, S.; Eberle, T.; Edo, T.; Edwards, M.; Effler, A.; Eggenstein, H.B.; Ehrens, P.; Eichholz, J.; Eikenberry, S.S.; Essick, R.; Etzel, T.; Evans, M.; Evans, T.; Factourovich, M.; Fairhurst, S.; Fan, X.; Fang, Qi; Farr, B.F.; Farr, W.M.; Favata, M.; Fays, M.; Fehrmann, H.; Fejer, M.M.; Feldbaum, D.; Ferreira, E.C.S.; Fisher, R.P.; Frei, Z.; Freise, A.; Frey, R.; Fricke, T.T.; Fritschel, P.K.; Frolov, V.V.; Fuentes-Tapia, S.; Fulda, P.J.; Fyffe, M.; Gair, J.R.; Gaonkar, S.; Gehrels, N.; Gergely, L.A.; Giaime, J.A.; Giardina, K.D.; Gleason, J.; Goetz, E.; Goetz, R.; Gondán, L.; González, G.; Gordon, N.A.; Gorodetsky, M.L.; Gossan, S.; Goßler, S.; Gräf, C.P.; Graff, P.B.; Grant, A.T.; Gras, S.; Gray, C.; Greenhalgh, R.J.S.; Gretarsson, A.M.; Grote, H.; Grunewald, S.; Guido, C.J.; Guo, X.; Gushwa, K.E.; Gustafson, E.K.; Gustafson, R.; Hacker, J.; Hall, E.D.; Hammond, G.; Hanke, M.; Hanks, J.A.; Hanna, C.; Hannam, M.D.; Hanson, J.; Hardwick, T.; Harry, G.M.; Harry, I.W.; Hart, M.V.; Hartman, M.; Haster, C.J.; Haughian, K.; Hee, S.; Heintze, M.C.; Heinzel, G.; Hendry, M.A.; Heng, I.; Heptonstall, A.W.; Heurs, M.; Hewitson, M.R.; Hild, S.; Hoak, D.; Hodge, K.A.; Hollitt, S.E.; Holt, K.; Hopkins, P.; Hosken, D.J.; Hough, J.; Houston, E.A.; Howell, Eric; Hu, Y.; Huerta, E.A.; Hughey, B.J.; Husa, S.; Huttner, S.H.; Huynh, M.; Huynh-Dinh, T.; Idrisy, A.; Indik, N.M.; Ingram, D.R.; Inta, R.; Islas, G.J.; Isler, J.C.; Isogai, T.; Iyer, B.R.; Izumi, K.; Jacobson, M.; Jang, H.; Jawahar, S.; Ji, Y.; Jiménez-Forteza, F.; Johnson, W.W.; Jones, D.I.; Jones, R.W.L.; Ju, Li; Haris, K.H.; Kalogera, V.; Kandhasamy, S.; Kang, G.; Kanner, J.B.; Katsavounidis, E.; Katzman, W.; Kaufer, H.; Kaufer, S.; Kaur, Tejinder; Kawabe, K.; Kawazoe, F.; Keiser, G.M.; Keitel, D.; Kelley, D.B.; Kells, W.P.; Keppel, D.G.; Key, J.S.; Khalaidovski, A.; Khalili, F.Y.A.; Khazanov, E.A.; Kim, C.; Kim, K.; Kim, N.G.; Kim, Y.M.; King, E.J.; King, P.J.; Kinzel, D.L.; Kissel, J.S.; Klimenko, S.; Kline, J.L.; Koehlenbeck, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Kondrashov, V.S.; Korobko, M.; Korth, W.Z.; Kozak, D.B.; Kringel, V.; Krishnan, B.; Krueger, C.; Kuehn, G.; Kumar, A.S.; Kumar, P.N.; Kuo, L.; Landry, M.; Lantz, B.T.; Larson, S.L.; Lasky, P.D.; Lazzarini, A.; Lazzaro, C.; Le, J.; Leaci, P.; Leavey, S.S.; Lebigot, E.O.; Lee, C.H.; Lee, H.K.; Lee, H.; Leong, J.R.; Levin, Y.I.; Levine, B.M.; Lewis, J.C.; Li, T.G.F.; Libbrecht, K.G.; Libson, A.; Lin, A.C.; Littenberg, T.B.; Lockerbie, N.A.; Lockett, V.; Logue, J.; Lombardi, A.L.; Lormand, M.; Lough, J.; Lubinski, M.J.; Lück, H.; Lundgren, A.P.; Lynch, R.S.; Ma, Y.; Macarthur, J.L.; Macdonald, T.; Machenschalk, B.; Macinnis, M.; Macleod, D.M.; Magaña-Sandoval, F.; Magee, R.; Mageswaran, M.; Maglione, C.; Mailand, K.; Mandel, I.; Mandic, V.; Mangano, V.; Mansell, G.L.; Márka, S.; Márka, Z.; Markosyan, A.S.; Maros, E.; Martin, I.W.; Martin, R.M.; Martynov, D.; Marx, J.N.; Mason, K.; Massinger, T.J.; Matichard, F.; Matone, L.; Mavalvala, N.; Mazumder, N.; Mazzolo, G.; Mccarthy, R.L.; Mcclelland, D.E.; Mccormick, S.; Mcguire, S.C.; Mcintyre, G.; Mciver, J.; Mclin, K.; Mcwilliams, S.T.; Meadors, G.D.; Meinders, M.; Melatos, A.; Mendell, G.; Mercer, R.A.; Meshkov, S.; Messenger, C.J.; Meyers, P.M.; Miao, H.; Middleton, H.; Mikhailov, E.E.; Miller, J.M.C.L.; Millhouse, M.A.; Ming, J.; Mirshekari, S.; Mishra, C.S.; Mitra, S.K.; Mitrofanov, V.P.; Mitselmakher, G.V.; Mittleman, R.; Moe, B.; Mohanty, S.D.; Mohapatra, S.R.P.; Moore, B.; Moraru, D.; Moreno, G.; Morriss, S.R.; Mossavi, K.; Mow-Lowry, C.M.; Mueller, C.L.; Mueller, G.; Mukherjee, S.; Mullavey, A.J.; Munch, J.; Murphy, D.C.; Murray, P.G.; Mytidis, A.; Nash, T.; Nayak, R.K.; Necula, V.; Nedkova, K.; Newton, G.; Nguyen, T.T.H.; Nielsen, A.B.; Nissanke, S.M.; Nitz, A.H.; Nolting, D.; Normandin, M.E.N.; Nuttall, L.K.; Ochsner, E.; O'Dell, J.; Oelker, E.; Ogin, G.H.; Oh, J.J.; Oh, S.H.; Ohme, F.; Oppermann, P.; Oram, R.J.; O'Reilly, B.M.; Ortega, W.; O'Shaughnessy, R.; Osthelder, C.; Ott, C.D.; Ottaway, D.J.; Ottens, R.S.; Overmier, H.; Owen, B.J.; Padilla, C.; Pai, A.; Pai, S.; Palashov, O.; Pal-Singh, A.; Pan, H.; Pankow, C.; Pannarale, F.; Pant, B.C.; Papa, M.A.; Paris, H.; Patrick, Z.; Pedraza, M.; Pekowsky, L.; Pele, A.; Penn, S.D.; Perreca, A.; Phelps, M.H.; Pierro, V.; Pinto, I.M.; Pitkin, M.; Poeld, J.; Post, A.; Poteomkin, A.K.; Powell, J.W.; Prasad, J.; Predoi, V.; Premachandra, S.; Prestegard, T.; Price, L.R.; Principe, M.; Privitera, S.; Prix, R.; Prokhorov, L.G.; Puncken, O.; Pürrer, M.; Qin, Jiayi; Quetschke, V.M.; Quintero, E.; Quiroga, G.; Quitzow-James, R.; Raab, F.J.; Rabeling, D.S.; Radkins, H.; Raffai, P.; Raja, S.S.; Rajalakshmi, G.I.; Rakhmanov, M.J.; Ramírez, K.P.; Raymond, V.; Reed, C.M.; Reid, S.; Reitze, D.H.; Reula, O.A.; Riles, K.; Robertson, N.A.; Robie, R.; Rollins, J.G.; Roma, V.; Romano, J.D.; Romanov, G.V.; Romie, J.H.; Rowan, S.; Rüdiger, A.; Ryan, K.; Sachdev, S.; Sadecki, T.; Sadeghian, L.; Saleem, M.S.; Salemi, F.; Sammut, L.; Sandberg, V.D.; Sanders, J.R.; Sannibale, V.; Santiago-Prieto, I.; Sathyaprakash, B.S.; Saulson, P.R.; Savage, R.; Sawadsky, A.; Scheuer, J.T.; Schilling, R.; Schmidt, P.V.; Schnabel, R.; Schofield., R.M.S.; Schreiber, E.; Schuette, D.R.; Schütz, B.F.; Scott, J.; Scott, S.M.; Sellers, D.; Sengupta, A.S.; Sergeev, A.S.; Serna, G.; Sevigny, A.; Shaddock, D.A.; Shahriar, M.S.; Shaltev, M.; Shao, Z.; Shapiro, B.N.; Shawhan, P.S.; Shoemaker, D.H.; Sidery, T.L.; Siemens, X.A.; Sigg, D.C.; Silva, A.D.; Simakov, D.A.; Singer, A.; Singer, L.P.; Singh, R.; Sintes, A.M.; Slagmolen, B.J.J.; Smith, J.R.; Smith, M.R.; Smith, R.J.E.; Smith-Lefebvre, N.D.; Son, E.J.; Sorazu, B.; Souradeep, T.; Staley, A.N.; Stebbins, J.F.; Steinke, M.F.; Steinlechner, J.; Steinlechner, S.; Steinmeyer, D.; Stephens, B.C.; Steplewski, S.; Stevenson, S.; Stone, R.L.; Strain, K.A.; Strigin, S.E.; Sturani, R.; Stuver, A.L.; Summerscales, T.Z.; Sutton, P.J.; Szczepanczyk, M.; Szeifert, G.; Talukder, D.; Tanner, D.B.; Tápai, M.; Tarabrin, S.P.; Taracchini, A.; Taylor, R.D.; Tellez, G.; Theeg, T.; Thirugnanasambandam, M.P.; Thomas, M.; Thomas, P.A.; Thorne, K.A.; Thorne, K.S.; Thrane, E.; Tiwari, V.K.; Tomlinson, C.; Torres, C.V.; Torrie, C.I.; Traylor, G.; Tse, M.; Tshilumba, D.; Ugolini, D.W.; Unnikrishnan, C.S.; Urban, A.L.; Usman, S.A.; Vahlbruch, H.; Vajente, G.; Valdes, G.; Vallisneri, M.; Van Veggel, A.A.; Vass, S.; Vaulin, R.; Vecchio, A.; Veitch, J.D.; Veitch, P.J.; Venkateswara, K.Y.; Vincent-Finley, R.E.; Vitale, S.; Vo, T.; Vorvick, C.; Vousden, W.D.; Vyatchanin, S.P.; Wade, A.R.; Wade, L.; Wade, M.; Walker, M.A.; Wallace, L.; Walsh, S.J.; Wang, H.; Wang, M.; Wang, X.F.; Ward, R.L.; Warner, J.; Wa̧s, M.; Weaver, B.; Weinert, M.; Weinstein, A.J.; Weiss, R.; Welborn, T.; Wen, Linqing; Weßels, P.; Westphal, T.; Wette, K.W.; Whelan, J.T.; Whitcomb, S.E.; White, D.J.; Whiting, B.F.; Wilkinson, C.; Williams, L.F.; Williams, R.R.; Williamson, A.R.; Willis, J.L.; Willke, B.; Wimmer, M.H.; Winkler, W.; Wipf, C.C.; Wittel, H.; Woan, G.; Worden, J.B.; Xie, S.; Yablon, J.; Yakushin, I.V.; Yam, W.; Yamamoto, H.; Yancey, C.C.; Yang, Q.; Zanolin, M.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, M.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, C.; Zhou, M.; Zhu, Xingjiang; Zucker, M.E.; Zuraw, S.; Zweizig, J.G.

    In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 32, No. 7, 074001, 2015.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors are second-generation instruments designed and built for the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA, USA. The two instruments are identical in design, and are specialized versions of a Michelson interferometer with 4 km long arms. As in Initial LIGO, Fabry-Perot cavities are used in the arms to increase the interaction time with a gravitational wave, and power recycling is used to increase the effective laser power. Signal recycling has been added in Advanced LIGO to improve the frequency response. In the most sensitive frequency region around 100 Hz, the design strain sensitivity is a factor of 10 better than Initial LIGO. In addition, the low frequency end of the sensitivity band is moved from 40 Hz down to 10 Hz. All interferometer components have been replaced with improved technologies to achieve this sensitivity gain. Much better seismic isolation and test mass suspensions are responsible for the gains at lower frequencies. Higher laser power, larger test masses and improved mirror coatings lead to the improved sensitivity at mid and high frequencies. Data collecting runs with these new instruments are planned to begin in mid-2015.

    AB - © 2015 IOP Publishing Ltd. The Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors are second-generation instruments designed and built for the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA, USA. The two instruments are identical in design, and are specialized versions of a Michelson interferometer with 4 km long arms. As in Initial LIGO, Fabry-Perot cavities are used in the arms to increase the interaction time with a gravitational wave, and power recycling is used to increase the effective laser power. Signal recycling has been added in Advanced LIGO to improve the frequency response. In the most sensitive frequency region around 100 Hz, the design strain sensitivity is a factor of 10 better than Initial LIGO. In addition, the low frequency end of the sensitivity band is moved from 40 Hz down to 10 Hz. All interferometer components have been replaced with improved technologies to achieve this sensitivity gain. Much better seismic isolation and test mass suspensions are responsible for the gains at lower frequencies. Higher laser power, larger test masses and improved mirror coatings lead to the improved sensitivity at mid and high frequencies. Data collecting runs with these new instruments are planned to begin in mid-2015.

    U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001

    DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001

    M3 - Article

    VL - 32

    JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

    JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

    SN - 0264-9381

    IS - 7

    M1 - 074001

    ER -

    Aasi J, Abbott BP, Abbott R, Abbott TD, Abernathy MR, Ackley K et al. Advanced LIGO. Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2015;32(7). 074001. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/32/7/074001