Adsorption of Catalytic Nanoparticles onto Polymer Substrates for Controlled Deposition of Microcapsule Metal Shells

James P. Hitchcock, Alison L. Tasker, Kirsty Stark, Andrew Leeson, Elaine A. Baxter, Simon Biggs, Olivier J. Cayre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Efficient encapsulation of small chemical molecules and their controlled targeted delivery provides a very important challenge to be overcome for a wide range of industrial applications. Typically rapid diffusion of these actives across capsule walls has so far prevented the development of a versatile widely applicable solution. In an earlier publication, we have shown that thin metal shells are able to permanently retain small molecules. The critical step in the microcapsule synthesis is the formation of a strongly adsorbed, dense monolayer of catalytic nanoparticles on the surface as this affects the secondary metal film quality. Control over Pt-nanoparticle adsorption density and a clear understanding of Pt-nanoparticle adsorption kinetics is therefore paramount. Maximising the density of heterogeneous catalysts on surfaces is generally of interest to a broad range of applications. In this work, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) are used to demonstrate that the concentration of nanoparticle polymer stabilizer used during particle synthesis and nanoparticle suspension concentration can be used to control nanoparticle surface adsorption density. We demonstrate that excess polymer, which is often used in nanoparticle synthesis but rarely discussed as an important parameter in the literature, can compete with and thus drastically affect the adsorption of the Pt-nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1473-1480
Number of pages8
JournalLangmuir
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

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