Adsorption kinetics of laponite and ludox silica nanoparticles onto a deposited Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) layer measured by a quartz crystal microbalance and optical reflectometry

Dan Xu, Chris Hodges, Yulong Ding, Simon Biggs, Anju Brooker, David York

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)


A quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D) and an optical reflectometer (OR) have been used to investigate the adsorption behavior of Laponite and Ludox silica nanoparticles at the solid-liquid interface. The adsorption of both Laponite and Ludox silica onto poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC)-coated surfaces over the first few seconds were studied by OR. Both types of nanoparticles adsorbed rapidly and obtained a stable adsorbed amount after only a few minutes. The rate of adsorption for both nanoparticle types was concentration dependent. The maximum adsorption rate of Ludox nanoparticles was found to be approximately five times faster than that for Laponite nanoparticles. The QCM data for the Laponite remained stable after the initial adsorption period at each concentration tested. The observed plateau values for the frequency shifts increased with increasing Laponite particle concentration. The QCM data for the Ludox nanoparticles had a more complex long-time behavior. In particular, the dissipation data at 3 ppm and 10 ppm Ludox increased slowly with time, never obtaining a stable value within the duration of the experiment. We postulate here that this is caused by slow structural rearrangements of the particles and the PDADMAC within the surface adsorbed layer. Furthermore, the QCM dissipation values were significantly smaller for Laponite when compared with those for Ludox for all nanoparticle concentrations, suggesting that the Laponite adsorbed layer is more compact and more rigidly bound than the Ludox adsorbed layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18105-18112
Number of pages8
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes


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