Adjunctive Peony-Glycyrrhiza decoction for antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinaemia: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Wei Zheng, Dong Bin Cai, Hai Yan Li, Yu Jie Wu, Chee H Ng, Gabor Ungvari, Shan-Shan Xie, Zhan-Ming Shi, Xiao Min Zhu, Yu Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang

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Abstract

Background Hyperprolactinaemia is a common adverse effect of antipsychotics (APs). The results of Peony- Glycyrrhiza decoction (PGD) as a potentially useful adjunctive treatment for hyperprolactinaemia are inconsistent. Aim This meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examined the efficacy and safety of adjunctive PGD therapy for AP-induced hyperprolactinaemia. Methods English (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO) and Chinese (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data) databases were systematically searched up to 10 June 2018. The inclusion criteria were based on PICOS—Participants: adult patients with schizophrenia; Intervention: PGD plus APs; Comparison: APs plus placebo or AP monotherapy; Outcomes: efficacy and safety; Study design: RCTs. The weighted mean difference (WMD) and risk ratio (RR) along with their 95% CIs were calculated using Review Manager (RevMan) V.5.3 software. Results Five RCTs (n=450) were included and analysed. Two RCTs (n=140) were double-blind and four RCTs (n=409) reported ‘random’ assignment with specific description. The PGD group showed a significantly lower serum prolactin level at endpoint than the control group (n=380, WMD: −32.69 ng/mL (95% CI −41.66 to 23.72), p<0.00001, I2=97%). Similarly, the superiority of PGD over the control groups was also found in the improvement of hyperprolactinaemia-related symptoms. No difference was found in the improvement of psychiatric symptoms assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (n=403, WMD: −0.62 (95% CI −2.38 to 1.15), p=0.49, I2=0%). There were similar rates of all-cause discontinuation (n=330, RR 0.93 (95% CI 0.63 to 1.37), p=0.71, I2=0%) and adverse drug reactions between the two groups. According to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach, the level of evidence of primary and secondary outcomes ranged from ‘very low’ (14.3%), ‘low’ (42.8%), ‘moderate’ (14.3%), to ‘high’ (28.6%). Conclusions Current evidence supports the adjunctive use of PGD to suppress elevated prolactin and improve prolactininduced symptoms without significant adverse events in adult patients with AP-induced hyperprolactinaemia. Highquality RCTs with longer duration are needed to confirm these findings.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere100003
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral Psychiatry
Volume31
Issue number1
Early online date2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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