Adjunctive aids for the detection of oral squamous cell carcinoma and oral potentially malignant disorders: A systematic review of systematic reviews

Jeremy Lau, Guru O, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Ramesh Balasubramaniam, Agnieszka Frydrych, Omar Kujan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

This study presents the results of systematic reviews on adjunctive tools in screening and diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) and to determine if the current literature supports their use as either an adjunctive tool or replacement of gold standard techniques. Systemic reviews and meta-analysis that evaluated adjunctive tools including chemiluminescence, tissue autofluorescence, tissue fluorescence spectroscopy, vital staining and cytology techniques were systematically examined using AMSTAR II. Twenty-seven systematic reviews were included. Five studies had a low quality of evidence, and nine studies had a critically low quality of evidence. This review found limited evidence to recommend chemiluminescence, tissue autofluorescence tools and vital staining as diagnostic tools, but only serve as clinical adjuncts to conventional oral examination. Cytology techniques and narrow-band imaging may be utilised as a non-invasive diagnostic adjunctive tool for the detection of OSCC and the malignant transformation of OPMD. In conclusion, this paper provides evidence on several types of adjunctive tools and provides recommendations on their use in clinical practice. These tools are considered useful as clinical adjuncts but there is insufficient evidence for their use as a diagnostic tool to replace gold standard conventional oral examination and surgical biopsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-72
Number of pages20
JournalThe Japanese Dental Science Review
Volume60
Early online date11 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jan 2024

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