ADAPTATION OF LENTIL TO THE MEDITERRANEAN ENVIRONMENT .2. RESPONSE TO MOISTURE SUPPLY

SN Silim, MC Saxena, William Erskine

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Lentil is generally grown as a rainfed crop in areas of West Asia and North Africa where rainfall is highly variable. This study aimed to measure genetic responses to variation in moisture supply in the yield of seed and straw, evapotranspiration and water use efficiency, to guide the lentil breeding programme. The response of 25 diverse lentil lines to a soil water gradient was studied in 1987/88 and 1988/89 at Breda, northern Syria, using a line-source sprinkler system. The coefficient of determination between rainfed and irrigated seed yield in the dry 1988/89 season was r2 = 0.26, and the genotypes that were well adapted to dry conditions were different from those well adapted to wet conditions. However, there were also widely adapted genotypes that yielded well under both wet and dry conditions. The selection of such genotypes might be appropriate for the region receiving 300 mm annual rainfall, in contrast with the approach to selection suggested for drier areas (less than 300 mm annual rainfall) in a companion article. Soil moisture extraction from the time of maximum profile recharge to maturity in 1987/88 and cumulative crop evapotranspiration in the 1987/88 rainfed crop did not differ among lentil lines. In the irrigated treatment, however, evapotranspiration in the medium to late maturing lines exceeded that in the early maturing lines towards maturity.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-28
    JournalExperimental Agriculture
    Volume29
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1993

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    lentils
    Mediterranean climate
    evapotranspiration
    rain
    seed yield
    genotype
    crops
    soil water
    West Asia
    Syria
    sprinklers
    Northern Africa
    water use efficiency
    straw
    breeding

    Cite this

    @article{689471971f1c454d8c1977b09e0a78d8,
    title = "ADAPTATION OF LENTIL TO THE MEDITERRANEAN ENVIRONMENT .2. RESPONSE TO MOISTURE SUPPLY",
    abstract = "Lentil is generally grown as a rainfed crop in areas of West Asia and North Africa where rainfall is highly variable. This study aimed to measure genetic responses to variation in moisture supply in the yield of seed and straw, evapotranspiration and water use efficiency, to guide the lentil breeding programme. The response of 25 diverse lentil lines to a soil water gradient was studied in 1987/88 and 1988/89 at Breda, northern Syria, using a line-source sprinkler system. The coefficient of determination between rainfed and irrigated seed yield in the dry 1988/89 season was r2 = 0.26, and the genotypes that were well adapted to dry conditions were different from those well adapted to wet conditions. However, there were also widely adapted genotypes that yielded well under both wet and dry conditions. The selection of such genotypes might be appropriate for the region receiving 300 mm annual rainfall, in contrast with the approach to selection suggested for drier areas (less than 300 mm annual rainfall) in a companion article. Soil moisture extraction from the time of maximum profile recharge to maturity in 1987/88 and cumulative crop evapotranspiration in the 1987/88 rainfed crop did not differ among lentil lines. In the irrigated treatment, however, evapotranspiration in the medium to late maturing lines exceeded that in the early maturing lines towards maturity.",
    author = "SN Silim and MC Saxena and William Erskine",
    year = "1993",
    doi = "10.1017/S0014479700020378",
    language = "English",
    volume = "29",
    pages = "21--28",
    journal = "Experimental Agriculture",
    issn = "0014-4797",
    publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

    }

    ADAPTATION OF LENTIL TO THE MEDITERRANEAN ENVIRONMENT .2. RESPONSE TO MOISTURE SUPPLY. / Silim, SN; Saxena, MC; Erskine, William.

    In: Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 29, 1993, p. 21-28.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Lentil is generally grown as a rainfed crop in areas of West Asia and North Africa where rainfall is highly variable. This study aimed to measure genetic responses to variation in moisture supply in the yield of seed and straw, evapotranspiration and water use efficiency, to guide the lentil breeding programme. The response of 25 diverse lentil lines to a soil water gradient was studied in 1987/88 and 1988/89 at Breda, northern Syria, using a line-source sprinkler system. The coefficient of determination between rainfed and irrigated seed yield in the dry 1988/89 season was r2 = 0.26, and the genotypes that were well adapted to dry conditions were different from those well adapted to wet conditions. However, there were also widely adapted genotypes that yielded well under both wet and dry conditions. The selection of such genotypes might be appropriate for the region receiving 300 mm annual rainfall, in contrast with the approach to selection suggested for drier areas (less than 300 mm annual rainfall) in a companion article. Soil moisture extraction from the time of maximum profile recharge to maturity in 1987/88 and cumulative crop evapotranspiration in the 1987/88 rainfed crop did not differ among lentil lines. In the irrigated treatment, however, evapotranspiration in the medium to late maturing lines exceeded that in the early maturing lines towards maturity.

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