Adaptation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to Australia

KHM Siddique, RB Brinsmead, R Knight, EJ Knights, JG Paull, IA Rose

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paper

Abstract

In the last 20 years chickpea and faba bean have become major pulse crops in Australia. They are grown during winter over a latitudinal range which extends from 10-40 degrees S for chickpea, and 20-40 degrees S for faba bean. In low latitudes these crops grow mainly on water stored in the soil from summer rainfall with supplementary irrigation in some areas, while in the higher latitudes, they are grown in Mediterranean type environments relying solely on winter rainfall. Farmers recognise the benefit of including these pulses in rotation with cereals and the interest in these crops is continuing to expand, notably faba bean in subtropical north-eastern areas and of both pulses in Western Australia. Breeding programs are continuing to develop cultivars adapted to the wide range of latitudes and with disease resistance. Some germplasm introduced from overseas has required minimal selection before being released, while other genotypes have been poorly adapted and genetic changes are required. Faba bean produces highest yields when sown as early as possible and when diseases are managed by genetic resistance or fungicide application. Chickpea is less affected by delayed sowing and some crops are sown in mid-winter to avoid radiation frosts during early spring. Studies have indicated significant differences between strains of rhizobia in terms of crop growth and the development of acid tolerant strains have been critical for the production of faba bean on low pH soils. A high proportion of both pulses is exported; chickpea to the Indian sub-continent and faba bean to the Middle-East. To meet the requirements of consumers, the effects of the environment on quality are being studied and efforts made to overcome deficiencies through breeding.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLINKING RESEARCH AND MARKETING OPPORTUNITIES FOR PULSES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
EditorsR Knight
PublisherSpringer
Pages289-303
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)0-7923-5565-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Event3rd International Food Legumes Research Conference (IFLRC III) - Adelaide, Australia
Duration: 22 Sep 199826 Sep 1998

Publication series

NameCURRENT PLANT SCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE
PublisherSPRINGER
Volume34
ISSN (Print)0924-1949

Conference

Conference3rd International Food Legumes Research Conference (IFLRC III)
CountryAustralia
CityAdelaide
Period22/09/9826/09/98

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