Activation of Src induces mitochondrial localisation of de2-7EGFR (EGFRvIII) in glioma cells: Implications for glucose metabolism

Anna N. Cvrljevic, David Akhavan, Min Wu, Paul Martinello, Frank B. Furnari, Amelia J. Johnston, Deliang Guo, Lisa Pike, Webster K. Cavenee, Andrew M. Scott, Paul S. Mischel, Nick J. Hoogenraad, Terrance G. Johns

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Abstract

A common mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor in glioma is the de2-7EGFR (or EGFRvIII). Glioma cells expressing de2-7EGFR contain an intracellular pool of receptor with high levels of mannose glycosylation, which is consistent with delayed processing. We now show that this delay occurs in the Golgi complex. Low levels of de2-7EGFR were also seen within the mitochondria. Src activation dramatically increased the amount of mitochondrial de2-7EGFR, whereas its pharmacological inhibition caused a significant reduction. Because de2-7EGFR is phosphorylated by Src at Y845, we generated glioma cells expressing a Y845F-modified de2-7EGFR. The de2-7EGFR(845F) mutant failed to show mitochondrial localisation, even when co-expressed with constitutive active Src. Low levels of glucose enhanced mitochondrial localisation of de2-7EGFR, and glioma cells expressing the receptor showed increased survival and proliferation under these conditions. Consistent with this, de2-7EGFR reduced glucose dependency by stimulating mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. Thus, the mitochondrial localisation of de2-7EGFR contributes to its tumorigenicity and might help to explain its resistance to some EGFR-targeted therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2938-2950
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume124
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Cvrljevic, A. N., Akhavan, D., Wu, M., Martinello, P., Furnari, F. B., Johnston, A. J., ... Johns, T. G. (2011). Activation of Src induces mitochondrial localisation of de2-7EGFR (EGFRvIII) in glioma cells: Implications for glucose metabolism. Journal of Cell Science, 124(17), 2938-2950. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.083295