Activated peroxydisulfate by sorghum straw-based biochar for enhanced tartrazine degradation: Roles of adsorption and radical/nonradical processes

Xiaojuan Chen, Yu Zhou, Jiesen Li, Suresh C. Pillai, Nanthi Bolan, Juhua He, Ning Li, Song Xu, Xin Chen, Qinghua Lin, Hailong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Biochar obtained from biomass waste through pyrolysis has significant potential in wastewater treatment due to its large specific surface area and multi-functional active sites. In current study, sorghum straw (SS) was pyrolyzed to prepare various biochar under nitrogen atmosphere. Adsorption kinetics of prepared biochar toward tartrazine (TTZ) was systematically investigated, and the biochar was also characterized by using multiple techniques to explore the contribution of physicochemical properties to adsorption. Then, the biochar with optimum TTZ adsorption performance, was also applied as a catalyst for peroxydisulfate (PDS) activation to degrade TTZ. Factors including PDS concentration, solution pH, and reaction temperature were examined. The optimized degradation rate constant of TTZ (1.1627 min−1) was achieved under the conditions at 2 mM PDS, pH of 3, and 23 °C. In addition, the free radical trapping experiments and EPR spectra revealed that the reactive substances of electron (e−), 1O2, SO4•−, O2•−, and •OH contributed to TTZ degradation. Density Functional Theory (DFT) also concluded that the atoms C(6), O(12), N(16), N(17), C(18) and N(22) in TTZ molecule showed larger f0 values which are vulnerable to radical attack. Therefore, the synergistic mechanism embodying adsorption and radical/non-radical processes were proposed. Besides, the degradation pathways of TTZ were identified with the aid of HPLC/MS technique, indicating that multiple reaction processes containing the symmetrical cleavage of azo bonds, the asymmetrical cleavage of C–N, desulfonation, and benzene-like structure cracking were involved. Therefore, this study provides a simple and effective catalytic system for TTZ degradation, and also realizes the resource utilization of solid waste.
Original languageEnglish
Article number120665
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume316
Early online date14 Nov 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Activated peroxydisulfate by sorghum straw-based biochar for enhanced tartrazine degradation: Roles of adsorption and radical/nonradical processes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this