Acoustic Tests of Lorentz Symmetry Using Quartz Oscillators

A. Lo, P. Haslinger, E. Mizrachi, L. Anderegg, H. Mueller, M. Hohensee, Maxim Goryachev, Michael Tobar

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    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    We propose and demonstrate a test of Lorentz symmetry based on new, compact, and reliable quartz oscillator technology. Violations of Lorentz invariance in the matter and photon sector of the standard model extension generate anisotropies in particles' inertial masses and the elastic constants of solids, giving rise to measurable anisotropies in the resonance frequencies of acoustic modes in solids. A first realization of such a "phonon-sector" test of Lorentz symmetry using room-temperature stress-compensated-cut crystals yields 120 h of data at a frequency resolution of 2.4 x 10(-15) and a limit of (c) over tilde (n)(Q) = (-1.8 +/- 2.2) x 10(-14) GeV on the most weakly constrained neutron-sector c coefficient of the standard model extension. Future experiments with cryogenic oscillators promise significant improvements in accuracy, opening up the potential for improved limits on Lorentz violation in the neutron, proton, electron, and photon sector.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number011018
    JournalPhysical Review X
    Volume6
    Issue number1
    Early online dateJan 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Feb 2016

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