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Accurate measurements of carbon monoxide's electrical properties were carried out at high pressure for the first time enabling stringent comparisons with theoretical values calculated ab initio. Dielectric permittivity measurements were conducted utilising a microwave re-entrant cavity resonator over the temperature range from (255 to 313) K and at pressures up to 8 MPa with a relative combined expanded uncertainty (k=2) less than or equal to 52 ppm. The new data enable carbon monoxide's molar polarizability to be correlated within 0.5 %, significantly improving upon existing literature data, which have a relative scatter of about 10 %. The measured molecular polarizability and electric dipole moment of carbon monoxide were determined to be 2.176×10−40 C2 m2 J−1 and 0.107 D. Literature values from ab initio calculations for these properties are within 0.28 % and 3.9 %, respectively, of the measured quantities. Moreover, our measurement of the electric dipole moment at finite temperature agrees within 2.2 % with the value derived from accurate spectroscopic measurements for the ground rovibrational state. The second dielectric virial coefficient of carbon monoxide was determined experimentally for the first time to be bϵ=(1.015±0.044) cm3 mol−1, which compares reasonably with ab initio estimates.
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