Absorption of SO2 in flue gas by activated carbon-loaded deep eutectic solvents: Experiment and calculation

Yongqi Zhao, Ruijia Dai, Xinxin Xiao, Xiuli Xu, Hua Li, Jianglong Yu, Jinxiao Dou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) possess a remarkable capacity to absorb SO2, and their recyclability makes them highly promising for various applications. To enhance both efficiency and cost-effectiveness, this research combined porous activated carbon (AC) with a synthesized DES, ethylene glycol (EG) -imidazole (Im) - methyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (MTPB) (molar ratio 1:2:1). The effects of DES loading amount, space velocity, and flue gas flow rate on the SO2 absorption performance were investigated systematically. Results showed that the DES/ACs are SO2 high-performance adsorbents, particularly at high flue gas flow rates, achieving an optimal performance at a DES loading of 25%. Under conditions of 30 °C and a flow rate of 500 ml/min, the absorbent achieved an absorption rate of 0.066 g/g for low-concentration SO2 (1000 ppm). Four kinetic models: the Bangham, Ho pseudo-second-order, Lagergren first-order, and McKay second-order are applied to investigate the SO2 absorption dynamics. Both the Bangham and Ho models proved adept at predicting the SO2 absorption behavior on the surface of DES/AC, which suggests the underlying mechanism to be a combination of surface reactions and micropore diffusion. Thermodynamic analysis indicates that the primary driving force for SO2 absorption is the molar reaction enthalpy change. Hence, the DESs/AC absorbent shows great potential as a viable option for capturing SO2 in contaminated gas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132984
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume683
Early online date19 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2024

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