Absence of dentate nucleus resting-state functional connectivity changes in nonneurological patients with gadolinium-related hyperintensity on T-1-weighted images

Carlo A. Mallio, Claudia Piervincenzi, Eliana Gianolio, Vincenzo Cirimele, Luigi G. Papparella, Massimo Marano, Livia Quintiliani, Silvio Aime, Filippo Carducci, Paul M. Parizel, Carlo C. Quattrocchi

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Background The dentate nuclei of the cerebellum are the areas where gadolinium predominantly accumulates. It is not yet known whether gadolinium deposition affects brain functions. Purpose/Hypothesis To assess whether gadolinium-dependent high signal intensity of the cerebellum on T-1-weighted images of nonneurological adult patients with Crohn's disease is associated with modifications of resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) of the cerebellum and dentate nucleus. Study Type Observational, cross-sectional. Population Fifteen patients affected by Crohn's disease were compared with 16 healthy age- and gender-matched control subjects. All participants underwent neurological, neurocognitive-psychological assessment, and blood sampling. Field Strength/Sequence 1.5-T magnet blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI. Assessment High signal intensity on T-1-weighted images, cerebellum functional connectivity, neurocognitive performance, and blood circulating gadolinium levels. Statistical Tests An unpaired two-sample t-test (age and sex were nuisance variables) was used to investigate between-group differences in cerebellar and dentate nucleus functional connectivity. Z-statistical images were set using clusters determined by Z > 2.3 and a familywise error (FWE)-corrected cluster significance threshold of P = 0.05. Results Dentate nuclei RSFC was not different (P = n.s.) between patients with gadolinium-dependent high signal intensity on T-1-weighted images and controls. Pre- and postcentral gyrus bilaterally and the right supplementary motor cortex showed a decrease of RSFC with the cerebellum hemispheres (P <0.05 FWE-corrected) and was related to disease duration but not to gadodiamide cumulative doses (P = n.s.). Data Conclusion Crohn's disease patients with gadolinium-dependent hyperintense dentate nuclei on unenhanced T-1-weighted images do not show dentate nucleus RSFC changes. Technical Efficacy Stage: 5 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2019;50:445-455.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-455
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

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© 2019 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

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