Abscisic acid in soils: What is its function and which factors and mechanisms influence its concentration?

W. Hartung, A. Sauter, N. C. Turner, I. Fillery, H. Heilmeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abscisic acid (ABA) was detected in aqueous extracts of a range of different soils, beneath a range of crops, pasture and forest species. Assuming that all the ABA is dissolved in the soil solution concentrations ranged from 0.6-2.8 nM. This is in the range which computer simulations predict is required in soils in order to prevent ABA release from the root hair zones of plant roots. The concentration of ABA in the soil solution was highest in acid soils and in soils with reduced moisture, and was lowest in moist, neutral and moderately alkaline soils. ABA in the soil solution of maize fields increased during the vegetative period. After incubation in soil for 72 h, radioactive ABA was degraded by 30-40%. Tetcyclacis, an inhibitor of the oxidative breakdown of ABA, completely prevented the degradation of ABA in the soil solution. Acid conditions and high salt concentrations significantly retarded ABA breakdown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume184
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

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