Ability to produce indole acetic acid is associated with improved phosphate solubilising activity of rhizobacteria

Anteneh Argaw Alemneh, Gregory R. Cawthray, Yi Zhou, Maarten H. Ryder, Matthew D. Denton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Indole acetic acid (IAA) can upregulate genes encoding enzymes responsible for the synthesis of carboxylates involved in phosphorus (P) solubilisation. Here, we investigated whether IAA and its precursor affect the P-solubilising activity of rhizobacteria. A total of 841 rhizobacteria were obtained using taxonomically selective and enrichment isolation methods. Phylogenetic analysis revealed 15 genera of phosphate solubilising bacteria (PSB) capable of producing a wide range of IAA concentrations between 4.1 and 67.2 µg mL−1 in vitro. Addition of l-tryptophan to growth media improved the P-solubilising activity of PSB that were able to produce IAA greater than 20 µg mL−1. This effect was connected to the drop of pH and release of a high concentration of carboxylates, comprising α-ketoglutarate, cis-aconitate, citrate, malate and succinate. An increase in production of organic acids rather than IAA production per se appears to result in the improved P solubilisation in PSB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3825-3837
Number of pages13
JournalArchives of Microbiology
Volume203
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

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