[Truncated abstract] ATP-binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporters are expressed in the human placenta where they are thought to help protect the fetus from xenobiotics. To evaluate models for analysis of ABC transporter function and regulation in the placenta, we have characterized the expression and activity of multidrug resistance (MDR) 1/P glycoprotein (Pgp), MDR3/Pgp, breast cancer resistance protein ( BCRP), and multidrug resistance proteins 1 and 2 (MRPs 1, 2) in differentiating primary trophoblast cells and BeWo and Jar cell lines. Real-time PCR and immunoblotting were used for analysis of mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Functional activity was measured using selective inhibitors of efflux of fluorescent substrates, calcein-AM ( Pgp and MRPs) and Hoechst 33342 ( BCRP). The levels of MDR1 mRNA and protein expression were much higher in trophoblast than in Jar and especially BeWo cells. Expression of MDR3 protein was also lower in BeWo cells. Levels of MDR3 expression were markedly higher than MDR1 levels in all tested cell types. Levels of both MDR1 and MDR3 expression decreased during trophoblast differentiation/ syncytialization. BCRP was highly expressed in all cell types and increased with trophoblast differentiation. MRP1 expression was much lower in trophoblasts compared with both cell lines. In contrast to its abundant mRNA expression, MRP2 protein was practically undetectable in BeWo and Jar cells and was present only at very low levels in trophoblast. Functional studies confirmed the presence of active Pgp and BCRP in all studied cell types, whereas MRP functional activity was detected only in BeWo and Jar cells...
|Journal||American journal of physiology : regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|