Abalone aquaculture

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperChapterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Abalone farming occurs in many countries throughout the world, with the largest production being in China, South Korea, South Africa, Chile, and Australia. There is no single, universally acceptable, method to culture abalone, the method of choice depending on factors such as local sea conditions, availability of land or in-sea lease areas, labor and energy costs, and local environmental regulations. The farming process occurs in several distinct phases including broodstock collection and conditioning; induction of synchronous spawning; fertilization; larval culture and settlement; postlarval growth to the juvenile stage; and growth to market size. These phases are described with reference to the various ways in which they operate for different species, and in different countries. The advantages and disadvantages of the various methods are discussed. The future viability of abalone farms will depend, to a large extent, on the relative costs of production in each country.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbalone: Biology, Ecology, Aquaculture and Fisheries
EditorsPeter A. Cook, Sandra E. Shumway
Place of PublicationNetherlands
PublisherElsevier
Chapter11
Pages347-361
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780128149386
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Publication series

NameDevelopments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science
Volume42
ISSN (Print)0167-9309

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