A unified approach to the design of robust narrow-band antenna array processors is presented. The approach is based on the idea of minimizing the weighted mean-square-deviation between the desired response and the response of the processor over variations in parameters. Three specific examples of robust design are considered: robustness against directional mismatch, robustness against array geometry errors, and robustness against channel phase errors. Initially a general quadratic constraint on the weights is developed. However, it is then shown that the quadratic constraint can be replaced by linear constraints or at most linear constraints plus norm constraint. These latter set of constraints are no more complex than those required for designs which do not incorporate robustness features explicitly. Numerical results show that the proposed approach appears to offer a unified treatment for directly designing narrow-band processors which are robust against various types or errors and mismatches between signal model and actual scenario.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1990|