A systematic review on the bioremediation of metal contaminated soils using biochar and slag: current status and future outlook

Sajid Mehmood, Waqas Ahmed, Juha M. Alatalo, Mohsin Mahmood, Rana Muhammad Ammar Asghar, Muhammad Imtiaz, Naseer Ullah, Wei Dong Li, Allah Ditta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heavy metals contaminated soils are posing severe threats to food safety worldwide. Heavy metals absorbed by plant roots from contaminated soils lead to severe plant development issues and a reduction in crop yield and growth. The global population is growing, and the demand for food is increasing. Therefore, it is critical to identify soil remediation strategies that are efficient, economical, and environment friendly. The use of biochar and slag as passivators represents a promising approach among various physicochemical and biological strategies due to their efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and low environmental impact. These passivators employ diverse mechanisms to reduce the bioavailability of metals in contaminated soils, thereby improving crop growth and productivity. Although studies have shown the effectiveness of different passivators, further research is needed globally as this field is still in its early stages. This review sheds light on the innovative utilization of biochar and slag as sustainable strategies for heavy metal remediation, emphasizing their novelty and potential for practical applications. Based on the findings, research gaps have been identified and future research directions proposed to enable the full potential of passivators to be utilized effectively and efficiently under controlled and field conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number961
Pages (from-to)961
Number of pages1
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume195
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023

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