A Standard of Care for Caring: A Delphi Study

Zane Robinson Wolf, Margaret Miller, Rebecca A. Patronis Jones, Dawn Freshwater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This three-round Delphi study generated an international standard of care for caring for potential use by nurses and other health care providers in health care agencies and communities. The caring elements, based on related literature, were surveyed from members of the International Association for Human Caring (IAHC) and attendees of the IAHC meeting held in Boca Raton, Florida (USA), in 2000. The standard was constructed from questionnaire responses and provides a starting point for developing a practice model and subject matter for debate among clinicians, educators, and researchers from diverse cultures.and quantitative analysis indicated that student caring behavior significantly improved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-42
JournalInternational Journal for Human Caring
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


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