A spotlight on preschool: The influence of family factors on children's early literacy skills

Steve Heath, Dorothy Bishop, Kimberley Bloor, Gemma Boyle, Janet Fletcher, John Hogben, C.A. Wigley, Stephanie Yeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)
161 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Rationale: Phonological awareness, letter knowledge, oral language (including sentence recall) and rapid automatised naming are acknowledged within-child predictors of literacy development. Separate research has identified family factors including socio-economic status, parents' level of education and family history. However, both approaches have left unexplained significant amounts of variance in literacy outcomes. This longitudinal study sought to improve prospective classification accuracy for young children at risk of literacy failure by adding two new family measures (parents' phonological awareness and parents' perceived self-efficacy), and then combining the within-child and family factors. Method: Pre-literacy skills were measured in 102 four year olds (46 girls and 56 boys) at the beginning of Preschool, and then at the beginning and end of Kindergarten, when rapid automatised naming was also measured. Family factors data were collected at the beginning of Preschool, and children's literacy outcomes were measured at the end of Year 1 (age 6-7 years). Results: Children from high-risk backgrounds showed poorer literacy outcomes than low-risk students, though three family factors (school socio-economic status, parents' phonological awareness, and family history) typically accounted for less Year 1 variance than the within-child factors. Combining these family factors with the end of Kindergarten within-child factors provided the most accurate classification (i.e., sensitivity = .85; specificity = .90; overall correct = .88). Implications: Our approach would identify at-risk children for intervention before they began to fail. Moreover, it would be cost-effective because although few at-risk children would be missed, allocation of unnecessary educational resources would be minimised. © 2014 Heath et al.
Original languageEnglish
Article number e95255
Number of pages14
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2014

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literacy
Parents
kindergarten
Economics
socioeconomic status
educational resources
Education
self-efficacy
Literacy
Students
Preschool Children
Self Efficacy
new family
educational status
longitudinal studies
Longitudinal Studies
Language
mouth
students
Costs

Cite this

Heath, Steve ; Bishop, Dorothy ; Bloor, Kimberley ; Boyle, Gemma ; Fletcher, Janet ; Hogben, John ; Wigley, C.A. ; Yeong, Stephanie. / A spotlight on preschool: The influence of family factors on children's early literacy skills. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 4.
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A spotlight on preschool: The influence of family factors on children's early literacy skills. / Heath, Steve; Bishop, Dorothy; Bloor, Kimberley; Boyle, Gemma; Fletcher, Janet; Hogben, John; Wigley, C.A.; Yeong, Stephanie.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 4, e95255, 21.04.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bishop, Dorothy

AU - Bloor, Kimberley

AU - Boyle, Gemma

AU - Fletcher, Janet

AU - Hogben, John

AU - Wigley, C.A.

AU - Yeong, Stephanie

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