It has become a significant challenge to accurately characterise the properties of recently developed very high finesse optical resonators (F > 106). A similar challenge is encountered when trying to measure the properties of cavities in which either the probing laser or the cavity length is intrinsically unstable. We demonstrate in this article the means by which the finesse, mode-matching, free spectral range, mirror transmissions and dispersion may be measured easily and accurately even when the laser or cavity has a relatively poor intrinsic frequency stability.
Locke, C., Stuart, D., Ivanov, E., & Luiten, A. (2009). A simple technique for accurate and complete characterisation of a Fabry-Perot cavity. Optics Express, 17(24), 21935-21943. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.17.021935