A simple method to measure proton beam energy in a standard medical cyclotron

J.W. Burrage, A.H. Asad, A.M. Campbell, Richard Fox, Roger Price

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A simple and rapid technique to measure the proton beam energy in the external beam line of a medical cyclotron has been examined. A stack of 0.1 mm thick high purity copper (Cu) foils was bombarded and the relative activity of65Zn produced in each foil was compared to a computational model that predicted activity, based on proton stopping power, reaction cross-sectional data, and beam energy. In the model, the beam energy was altered iteratively until the best match between computed and measured relative activities of the stack of disks was obtained. The main advantage of this method is that it does not require the comparison of the activities of different isotopes of zinc arising from (p, xn) reactions in the Cu, which would require the gamma photon detector being calibrated for different energy responses. Using this technique the proton beam energy of a nominally 18 MeV standard isochronous medical cyclotron was measured as 17.49±0.04 (SD) MeV, with a precision of 0.2 % CV.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)92-97
    JournalAustralasian Physical & Engineering Sciences In Medicine
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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    Cyclotrons
    Proton beams
    Metal foil
    Protons
    Zinc Isotopes
    Isotopes
    Zinc
    Photons
    Cross Reactions
    Detectors
    Copper

    Cite this

    Burrage, J.W. ; Asad, A.H. ; Campbell, A.M. ; Fox, Richard ; Price, Roger. / A simple method to measure proton beam energy in a standard medical cyclotron. In: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences In Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 2. pp. 92-97.
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    abstract = "A simple and rapid technique to measure the proton beam energy in the external beam line of a medical cyclotron has been examined. A stack of 0.1 mm thick high purity copper (Cu) foils was bombarded and the relative activity of65Zn produced in each foil was compared to a computational model that predicted activity, based on proton stopping power, reaction cross-sectional data, and beam energy. In the model, the beam energy was altered iteratively until the best match between computed and measured relative activities of the stack of disks was obtained. The main advantage of this method is that it does not require the comparison of the activities of different isotopes of zinc arising from (p, xn) reactions in the Cu, which would require the gamma photon detector being calibrated for different energy responses. Using this technique the proton beam energy of a nominally 18 MeV standard isochronous medical cyclotron was measured as 17.49±0.04 (SD) MeV, with a precision of 0.2 {\%} CV.",
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    A simple method to measure proton beam energy in a standard medical cyclotron. / Burrage, J.W.; Asad, A.H.; Campbell, A.M.; Fox, Richard; Price, Roger.

    In: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences In Medicine, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2009, p. 92-97.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Burrage, J.W.

    AU - Asad, A.H.

    AU - Campbell, A.M.

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    AU - Price, Roger

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    AB - A simple and rapid technique to measure the proton beam energy in the external beam line of a medical cyclotron has been examined. A stack of 0.1 mm thick high purity copper (Cu) foils was bombarded and the relative activity of65Zn produced in each foil was compared to a computational model that predicted activity, based on proton stopping power, reaction cross-sectional data, and beam energy. In the model, the beam energy was altered iteratively until the best match between computed and measured relative activities of the stack of disks was obtained. The main advantage of this method is that it does not require the comparison of the activities of different isotopes of zinc arising from (p, xn) reactions in the Cu, which would require the gamma photon detector being calibrated for different energy responses. Using this technique the proton beam energy of a nominally 18 MeV standard isochronous medical cyclotron was measured as 17.49±0.04 (SD) MeV, with a precision of 0.2 % CV.

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