A simple approach for predicting the ultimate lateral capacity of a rigid pile in sand

H. Wang, B. M. Lehane, M. F. Bransby, L. Z. Wang, Y. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Rigid piles are widely used as foundations to resist lateral load. A calculation to confirm that the ultimate lateral geotechnical capacity of such piles is not exceeded is required for ultimate limit-state design. Existing (empirical) approaches employed to predict the lateral capacity of a rigid pile in sand assume the net soil pressure is a function of the vertical effective stress and friction angle. However, difficulties in determining the appropriate friction angle(s) make these approaches less useful for practical purposes. A simple alternative approach correlated with the cone penetration test end resistance (qc) is developed in this paper based on ultimate capacities measured in a new series of tests on rigid piles with diameters of 127, 169, 273 and 457 mm and aspect ratios (L/D) between 1·6 and 12. These test results are combined with additional tests reported in the literature to establish a simple formulation for the ultimate net pressure adjacent to a pile in sand. Explicit design equations are also presented for soil profiles with a constant qc value and where qc increases linearly with depth. The proposed equations are seen to provide good estimates of capacities for rigid piles with a wide range of diameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalGeotechnique Letters
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020


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