A securitisation approach to international energy politics

Jeffrey D. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent years have seen a renewed interest in energy amongst International Relations (IR) scholars. The existing IR literature is characterised by a debate between a realist-inspired ‘geopolitical’ approach that sees energy as a source of zero-sum conflict, and a liberal-influenced ‘global energy governance’ approach which emphasises interdependence and cooperative dynamics. However, by adopting a systemic perspective these IR approaches fail to account for the full range of political dynamics shaping inter-state energy relations. This article consolidates insights from the broader literature on energy politics to develop a new securitisation approach to international energy politics. It argues that energy securitisation – a process where governments frame energy as an existential threat to state interests – is variable and contingent. It occurs in states where energy issues are implicated in economic, regime and/or geopolitical security concerns, and leads governments to adopt nationalistic policy frameworks that result in international conflicts over energy. The utility of this securitisation approach is illustrated with a case study of the divergent energy behaviour of two major energy exporters (Russia and Australia). By accounting for domestic and international dynamics, and explaining rather than assuming the securitisation of energy, this securitisation approach offers more explanatory purchase than existing IR energy theories.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-125
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy research and social science
Volume49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

energy
Electron energy levels
politics
international relations
Economics
International Conflicts
interdependence
purchase
Russia
regime
threat
governance

Cite this

@article{871982b569e04cf385befad7f0325272,
title = "A securitisation approach to international energy politics",
abstract = "Recent years have seen a renewed interest in energy amongst International Relations (IR) scholars. The existing IR literature is characterised by a debate between a realist-inspired ‘geopolitical’ approach that sees energy as a source of zero-sum conflict, and a liberal-influenced ‘global energy governance’ approach which emphasises interdependence and cooperative dynamics. However, by adopting a systemic perspective these IR approaches fail to account for the full range of political dynamics shaping inter-state energy relations. This article consolidates insights from the broader literature on energy politics to develop a new securitisation approach to international energy politics. It argues that energy securitisation – a process where governments frame energy as an existential threat to state interests – is variable and contingent. It occurs in states where energy issues are implicated in economic, regime and/or geopolitical security concerns, and leads governments to adopt nationalistic policy frameworks that result in international conflicts over energy. The utility of this securitisation approach is illustrated with a case study of the divergent energy behaviour of two major energy exporters (Russia and Australia). By accounting for domestic and international dynamics, and explaining rather than assuming the securitisation of energy, this securitisation approach offers more explanatory purchase than existing IR energy theories.",
keywords = "Economic nationalism, Energy politics, Energy security, Securitisation",
author = "Wilson, {Jeffrey D.}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.erss.2018.10.024",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "114--125",
journal = "Energy research and social science",
issn = "2214-6296",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

A securitisation approach to international energy politics. / Wilson, Jeffrey D.

In: Energy research and social science, Vol. 49, 01.03.2019, p. 114-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A securitisation approach to international energy politics

AU - Wilson, Jeffrey D.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - Recent years have seen a renewed interest in energy amongst International Relations (IR) scholars. The existing IR literature is characterised by a debate between a realist-inspired ‘geopolitical’ approach that sees energy as a source of zero-sum conflict, and a liberal-influenced ‘global energy governance’ approach which emphasises interdependence and cooperative dynamics. However, by adopting a systemic perspective these IR approaches fail to account for the full range of political dynamics shaping inter-state energy relations. This article consolidates insights from the broader literature on energy politics to develop a new securitisation approach to international energy politics. It argues that energy securitisation – a process where governments frame energy as an existential threat to state interests – is variable and contingent. It occurs in states where energy issues are implicated in economic, regime and/or geopolitical security concerns, and leads governments to adopt nationalistic policy frameworks that result in international conflicts over energy. The utility of this securitisation approach is illustrated with a case study of the divergent energy behaviour of two major energy exporters (Russia and Australia). By accounting for domestic and international dynamics, and explaining rather than assuming the securitisation of energy, this securitisation approach offers more explanatory purchase than existing IR energy theories.

AB - Recent years have seen a renewed interest in energy amongst International Relations (IR) scholars. The existing IR literature is characterised by a debate between a realist-inspired ‘geopolitical’ approach that sees energy as a source of zero-sum conflict, and a liberal-influenced ‘global energy governance’ approach which emphasises interdependence and cooperative dynamics. However, by adopting a systemic perspective these IR approaches fail to account for the full range of political dynamics shaping inter-state energy relations. This article consolidates insights from the broader literature on energy politics to develop a new securitisation approach to international energy politics. It argues that energy securitisation – a process where governments frame energy as an existential threat to state interests – is variable and contingent. It occurs in states where energy issues are implicated in economic, regime and/or geopolitical security concerns, and leads governments to adopt nationalistic policy frameworks that result in international conflicts over energy. The utility of this securitisation approach is illustrated with a case study of the divergent energy behaviour of two major energy exporters (Russia and Australia). By accounting for domestic and international dynamics, and explaining rather than assuming the securitisation of energy, this securitisation approach offers more explanatory purchase than existing IR energy theories.

KW - Economic nationalism

KW - Energy politics

KW - Energy security

KW - Securitisation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056705482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.erss.2018.10.024

DO - 10.1016/j.erss.2018.10.024

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 114

EP - 125

JO - Energy research and social science

JF - Energy research and social science

SN - 2214-6296

ER -