A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry: An electromyographic study

Kandice J. Varcin, Sarah A. Grainger, Jenny L. Richmond, Phoebe E. Bailey, Julie D. Henry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Emotional expressions evoke rapid facial reactions in the perceiver that are consistent with the valence of the observed expression. We aimed to investigate whether this robust facial reaction is purely a motor matching response or instead represents underlying affective processes. Participants’ (N = 60) corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major muscle activity was quantified using facial electromyography (EMG) while they viewed three sets of images; (i) upright happy and angry facial expressions, (ii) inverted happy and angry facial expressions, and (iii) sad and happy eyes and mouth expressions. Participants displayed patterns of EMG responding that were consistent with the affective valence of the emotional expression, as opposed to merely matching the observed stimuli (i.e. a motor matching response). Using a novel methodological approach, these findings provide evidence for the contention that affective processing underlies rapid facial mimicry reactions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Neuroscience
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

affectivity
mimicry
Facial Expression
Electromyography
muscle
facial expression
Mouth
Muscles
stimulus
evidence

Cite this

Varcin, Kandice J. ; Grainger, Sarah A. ; Richmond, Jenny L. ; Bailey, Phoebe E. ; Henry, Julie D. / A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry : An electromyographic study. In: Social Neuroscience. 2019.
@article{18adfce78dcf4c9282c0b27225bbd806,
title = "A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry: An electromyographic study",
abstract = "Emotional expressions evoke rapid facial reactions in the perceiver that are consistent with the valence of the observed expression. We aimed to investigate whether this robust facial reaction is purely a motor matching response or instead represents underlying affective processes. Participants’ (N = 60) corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major muscle activity was quantified using facial electromyography (EMG) while they viewed three sets of images; (i) upright happy and angry facial expressions, (ii) inverted happy and angry facial expressions, and (iii) sad and happy eyes and mouth expressions. Participants displayed patterns of EMG responding that were consistent with the affective valence of the emotional expression, as opposed to merely matching the observed stimuli (i.e. a motor matching response). Using a novel methodological approach, these findings provide evidence for the contention that affective processing underlies rapid facial mimicry reactions.",
keywords = "affective responding, emotional facial expressions, Facial EMG, rapid facial mimicry",
author = "Varcin, {Kandice J.} and Grainger, {Sarah A.} and Richmond, {Jenny L.} and Bailey, {Phoebe E.} and Henry, {Julie D.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/17470919.2018.1564694",
language = "English",
journal = "Social Neuroscience",
issn = "1747-0919",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",

}

A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry : An electromyographic study. / Varcin, Kandice J.; Grainger, Sarah A.; Richmond, Jenny L.; Bailey, Phoebe E.; Henry, Julie D.

In: Social Neuroscience, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A role for affectivity in rapid facial mimicry

T2 - An electromyographic study

AU - Varcin, Kandice J.

AU - Grainger, Sarah A.

AU - Richmond, Jenny L.

AU - Bailey, Phoebe E.

AU - Henry, Julie D.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Emotional expressions evoke rapid facial reactions in the perceiver that are consistent with the valence of the observed expression. We aimed to investigate whether this robust facial reaction is purely a motor matching response or instead represents underlying affective processes. Participants’ (N = 60) corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major muscle activity was quantified using facial electromyography (EMG) while they viewed three sets of images; (i) upright happy and angry facial expressions, (ii) inverted happy and angry facial expressions, and (iii) sad and happy eyes and mouth expressions. Participants displayed patterns of EMG responding that were consistent with the affective valence of the emotional expression, as opposed to merely matching the observed stimuli (i.e. a motor matching response). Using a novel methodological approach, these findings provide evidence for the contention that affective processing underlies rapid facial mimicry reactions.

AB - Emotional expressions evoke rapid facial reactions in the perceiver that are consistent with the valence of the observed expression. We aimed to investigate whether this robust facial reaction is purely a motor matching response or instead represents underlying affective processes. Participants’ (N = 60) corrugator supercilii and zygomaticus major muscle activity was quantified using facial electromyography (EMG) while they viewed three sets of images; (i) upright happy and angry facial expressions, (ii) inverted happy and angry facial expressions, and (iii) sad and happy eyes and mouth expressions. Participants displayed patterns of EMG responding that were consistent with the affective valence of the emotional expression, as opposed to merely matching the observed stimuli (i.e. a motor matching response). Using a novel methodological approach, these findings provide evidence for the contention that affective processing underlies rapid facial mimicry reactions.

KW - affective responding

KW - emotional facial expressions

KW - Facial EMG

KW - rapid facial mimicry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060625671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17470919.2018.1564694

DO - 10.1080/17470919.2018.1564694

M3 - Article

JO - Social Neuroscience

JF - Social Neuroscience

SN - 1747-0919

ER -